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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States
gas into the ruptured tanks, and refloating, repairing, and safely delivering the vessel without further pollution to drydock in San Diego.
JOHN H. ROBINSON is director, Gulf Program Office of the Office of the Chief Scientist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In this position he directs NOAA research activities associated with the aftermath of the Persian Gulf war marine science programs to assess the impact of the oil spills in the Persian Gulf and research programs to investigate the impact of oil fires in Kuwait. Previously, he was manager of NOAA's Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) Response Division, where he developed and managed the agency's spill response and hazardous waste site research program; established regional scientific support programs in U.S. coastal areas; and served as scientific coordinator for the Ixtoc I, Exxon Valdez, and numerous other oil and chemical spills. While at HAZMAT, he originated a program for Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations. He began his government career in 1964, working for the Apollo manned-spacecraft program. Robinson received his BS degree (industrial engineering) from Texas Tech University in 1961.
NINA SANKOVITCH was until recently a senior project attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council. She worked with the council's Coastal Project since 1989, focusing on oil spills, ocean dumping, and coastal issues. She is a member of New York Governor Mario Cuomo's Task Force on Petroleum Spill Emergency Protection, Subcommittee on Oil Spill Response. She served on a number of other committees related to waste management in the environment, including the Safe Harbor Coalition, dedicated to the protection and enhancement of New York Harbor (serving as chairperson); the Steering Committee of the Clean Sludge Coalition, devoted to the environmentally sound management of sludge on land; and the Citizens Advisory and Technical Advisory committees to New York City on land-based sludge management. Ms. Sankovitch received her BA from Tufts University and JD from Harvard Law School.
ROGER VAN DUZER is manager of Marine Operations for Shell Oil Co.'s Marine Department in Houston, Texas. This position involves ensuring safe, efficient, and environmentally responsible marine transportation for Shell, which is a major charterer of tankers and barges. He has held various positions with Shell in the Marine Technical Division, Port Operations, and other business management positions, in addition to spending two and a half years with Shell International Marine in London. Prior to joining Shell in 1976, he was an officer in the U.S. Navy. Mr. Van Duzer's Naval career included sea duty on a destroyer (as a deck officer) and on an aircraft carrier (as an engineer). His shore duty included service as the diving and salvage officer at the Boston Naval Shipyard, a position that provided extensive experience with new construction and repair of Navy ships. He was qualified as a Navy Engineering Duty Salvage Officer in 1969. Mr. Van Duzer is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and received his MS (naval architecture) and professional degree (naval engineer) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
JOHN A. WITTE is president and chief executive officer of Donjon Marine Co. of Hillside, New Jersey. Mr. Witte practiced admiralty law for four years prior to managing and expanding Donjon Marine, a marine salvage and marine equipment sales company he incorporated in 1966. His extensive experience in the marine salvage industry originated in his father's vessel demolition, marine salvage, and wreck removal business. His experience running Donjon Marine has included service as salvage master and hands-on work in all aspects of salvage operations, including rigging, welding, diving, underwater cutting and burning, and controlled explosives.