sections are written with a wide audience in mind, including lay persons and policymakers, as well as scientists and science administrators. Although there are no policy recommendations offered in this report, conclusions given by individual speakers and discussed by conference participants are emphasized. Further, Appendix C contains the summary of the recommendations and research agenda provided in the 1989 Institute of Medicine report on medically assisted conception to allow readers to put these recommendations in context with suggestions and topics discussed at the 1993 conference.

The prospect of federal funding for this area of research now seems brighter. Although some areas will remain controversial, even divisive, there are ample opportunities for progress where ethical consensus is possible. Greater attention is being brought to this field by changes in the political climate, the advance of technology, and the increasing concern among often polarized public constituencies. Dramatic evidence of these concurrent forces blazed recently across the nation's front pages with the news that human embryos could now be cloned.3 The committee hopes that the background given and the research summarized here will provide insights for future progress and contribute to a fuller understanding of the social and ethical issues involved.

3  

Gina Kolata, "Cloning Human Embryos," New York Times, October 26, 1993.



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