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with many embedded applications for specific purposes, or a set of distributed applications with few interactions?

How complex may the user interaction systems be before the complexity overwhelms the user?

How are new systems introduced into a factory that contains many older or even obsolete legacy systems? How can an existing, obsolete system be replaced with minimum factory disruption?

How are decision-making systems transferred into decision-making roles?

What level(s) of abstraction are appropriate for controlling factories?

What is the trade-off between levels of detail required and the speed of response?

What characteristics and configurations of autonomous agents give rise to emergent behaviors, swarm stability, and divergent behavior?

How will humans interact with factory systems? What will be the nature of the user interfaces?

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