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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this project was provided by the national Science Foundation (under Grant No.MIP-93/2296). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 94-67789
International Standard Book Number 0-309-05179-7

Cover: The manufacturing "wheel" shown is intended to suggest the integration through information technology of manufacturing activities both among and across the four basic elements of an idealized process. The concept is discussed in Chapter 2 of this report.

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