Leibenstein, Harvey. 1950. "Bandwagon, Snob, and Veblen Effects in the Theory of Consumers' Demand," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 64.

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). 1994. 20/20 Vision: The Development of a National Information Infrastructure. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.



This report uses the term "telecommunication/information" because the facilities and concepts associated historically with the telecommunications infrastructure and more recently with the information infrastructure are fundamentally intertwined. That linkage, in fact, is fundamental to much of the discussion captured in this report.


A recent CSTB report, Realizing the Information Future (CSTB, 1994), addresses many relevant technical issues.


This represents the best estimate available at the time, recognizing that the costs of upgrading the telephone network from copper to optical fiber have been falling.


See Chapter 5 in CSTB (1994).


For a discussion of related issues, see CSTB (1994).


Of course, there are broadband NII capabilities today, most notably in cable television systems. As typically discussed, references to "a broadband NII" embrace a bigger mix of services, greater two-way service, and more integration of services than has been typical of cable television offerings.

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