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or some combination) to operate NBTF. The Canadian model of TRIUMF-Nordion is one that could be emulated in the United States.
The requirement that NBTF be financially self sufficient should be removed.* Production of these promising but as yet unprofitable isotopes as well as the in-house programs of research and education should be supported primarily by DOE funds and competitive grants, with some contribution from royalties from the private partner. However, it is clear to the committee that the commercial potentials of these particular radioisotopes are limited for the foreseeable future and are certainly not large enough to allow NBTF to be supported by commercial profits.
The commercial aspects of NBTF cannot be fully understood at this time. As discussed in this report, some radioisotopes produce by NBTF would be attractive to the commercial market. Others will come in the future as new nuclear medicine techniques evolve. The private-sector partner should be charged with making this determination, producing, marketing, and selling isotopes for the commercial market.
Proposals for NBTF from national laboratories should be reviewed along with those from universities and the private sector. The national laboratories offer a tremendous technical infrastructure that would benefit the construction and operation of NBTF. An evolving interest and expertise in new models of cooperation with the private sector would make this potential a reality.
Arthur Andersen & Co. 1993. U.S. Department of Energy Isotope Production and Distribution Program Management Study. Washington, D.C.
KPMG Peat Marwick. 1992. Department of Energy Isotope Production and Distribution Program. Independent Auditors' Report on Financial Statements. Washington, D.C.
Schacht, W. H. 1993. Department of Energy Laboratories: A New Partnership With Industry? CRS Report to Congress, No. 93-844 SPR. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.
U.S. General Accounting Office. 1992. DOE's Self-Supporting Isotope Program Is Experiencing Problems. Washington, D.C.
The Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act for 1995 (passed after the writing of this chapter) stipulates that the Secretary [DOE] may henceforth set fees for isotopes and related services without regard to the provisions of P.L. 101-101.