sibility between all levels of government, the educational sector, and private industry. We need partnerships that foster more efficient data collection activities while at the same time fostering a more productive and responsive human resource sector.



The $10 billion figure was arrived at in the 1993 MSC report Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Nation.


This estimate was given by J. Dangermond (president, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, California) in a speech (sponsored by Texaco) in June 1992 in Houston, Texas.


This financial information was collected in the summer of 1993 for those federal programs involved in acquisition, management, and dissemination of geographically referenced data. Only agencies with a minimum of $500,000 in relevant spending were required to submit information in response to OMB Bulletin 93-14.


Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Nation, Mapping Science Committee, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 171 pp. The clearinghouse was also explicitly mentioned in Executive Order 12906 (April 11, 1994).

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