APPENDIX D
STATE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AUTHORIZATIONS AND COORDINATION—SUMMARY

At the end of this appendix is a comprehensive listing of 100 state directives, including statutes, executive orders (by governors) and memoranda of understandings (MOUs) which mention or directly influence geographic information. All three are considered ''authorizations,'' though only the first two are truly directives. While executive orders and MOUs can be as effective as statutes for coordination, statutes have a longer duration (beyond individual governors and signatories to agreements) and are generally needed to provide funding and authority to ensure commonality, compliance, and oversight.

Almost half (49) of these directives were authorized during or after 1991. At least five additional directives (probably executive orders) are expected to be authorized before the end of 1993 but this listing only included through September 1993. While the various state directives differ, below is a general description and findings for each type.

STATE STATUTES

Over two-thirds of the states have at least one statutory reference to geographic information in one form or another, with some, such as Louisiana, Minnesota, and North Carolina having multiple references. The compilation can be considered complete as of the end of most 1993 legislative sessions. Statutes address the following (followed by the number of states having each type):



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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships APPENDIX D STATE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AUTHORIZATIONS AND COORDINATION—SUMMARY At the end of this appendix is a comprehensive listing of 100 state directives, including statutes, executive orders (by governors) and memoranda of understandings (MOUs) which mention or directly influence geographic information. All three are considered ''authorizations,'' though only the first two are truly directives. While executive orders and MOUs can be as effective as statutes for coordination, statutes have a longer duration (beyond individual governors and signatories to agreements) and are generally needed to provide funding and authority to ensure commonality, compliance, and oversight. Almost half (49) of these directives were authorized during or after 1991. At least five additional directives (probably executive orders) are expected to be authorized before the end of 1993 but this listing only included through September 1993. While the various state directives differ, below is a general description and findings for each type. STATE STATUTES Over two-thirds of the states have at least one statutory reference to geographic information in one form or another, with some, such as Louisiana, Minnesota, and North Carolina having multiple references. The compilation can be considered complete as of the end of most 1993 legislative sessions. Statutes address the following (followed by the number of states having each type):

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships Authorize geographic information coordination groups or studies (17, including two groups that are no longer in existence.); Authorize statewide or broad environmental geographic information offices, data bases, or funding (14); Direct geographic information use or data development for specific missions or needs, mainly natural resources management, environmental protection or growth management (11); Provide for access and cost recovery for geographic (spatial) data, often modifying open records laws and directly impacting localities (10); and Other matters, including providing some help to local and regional entities, reapportionment use, requiring compatibility of state-funded data (Minnesota), and directing the private sector to develop compatible data (New Jersey). While there is an increase in statutory references in all of the above categories, few omnibus statutes exist specifically for geographic information, few authorize offices or funding accordingly, and few have "teeth" to require commonality or oversight. The most omnibus state statutes are in Maine and Utah, both adopted in 1991 and establishing offices along with other geographic information direction, with Minnesota adopting legislation to officially authorize its 15-year-old Land Management Information Center in 1992. EXECUTIVE ORDERS All of the 15 reported executive orders were signed to establish councils, set direction for member state geographic information coordination groups, and possibly to establish statewide geographic information centers, as in Idaho, Kentucky, North Carolina, and Oregon. Two of the orders are no longer in effect. Four states have pending executive orders to establish or sanction existing geographic information groups. MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING Five MOUs are reported. Four MOUs are to promote general geographic information coordination, with two the primary authorizing

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships instrument for a geographic information group (Colorado and Montana). North Carolina's MOU is specifically for GPS and complements executive order direction. While not reported in the compilation, many state MOUs exist that describe geographic information relationships between two or more agencies, for example for geographic information services, projects, and data exchange. DISCUSSION These authorizations typify the overall findings described above. geographic information coordination is evolving and has growing support at statewide levels, as evidenced by official sanctions for coordination and state geographic information centers. Many of these directives provide for increased multisectoral participation. However, almost in contrast, some of these directives are organizationally placing geographic information direction under broad information policy and organizations that generally only address state government. To date only a few directives establish any oversight, or require data commonality and compliance. The compilation includes a list, description, and identification of membership of statewide geographic information coordination groups. While there has been a significant increase in regional interlocal groups at the substate level, none are included here. It also includes at least one group in each of the 50 states. All but two groups (in Alabama and Delaware, though Delaware has another group) are considered active at this time. Virtually all of the groups reported are multiagency in focus and membership. Of the 21 states showing more than one group, seven have one of the reported groups officially reporting to another reported group. Many of the reported groups have subgroups that are not identified here. Overall, there is a growing trend toward a broad naming and focusing of state geographic information coordination groups to consider all geographic information and related technologies. However, 26 states have groups with the term "GIS" in their name. Some of these groups have a limited view, focusing specifically on GIS, while others are broader. It appears that a generally accepted and emerging name in some (15) states is "Geographic Information Council" or "Committee,'' as is reflected by the naming of the National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC). Some states have both a group with geographic information in the name and another with GIS. Focus on geographic information rather

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships than GIS is to represent a broad view and encourage attention to data rather than technology. Certain other words are also commonly used in group names, such as "land" (5 states). Nine states have a State Mapping Advisory Committee (SMAC) reported to be a statewide geographic information coordination group. Of these, only the SMACs in Nevada, New Jersey, and Oregon are broad in focus and exist without other, more influential geographic information groups in their state. These three are in effect geographic information councils, and SMACs in name only. Most states now have SMAC functions under broader, higher-level groups. The groups represent a full range of authority and levels of attention to both policy and technical matters. Over 40 states have at least one group with some degree of official stature, via statute (11), executive order (14), memoranda of understanding (2), or other method, such as by agency leaders. A wide range exists in terms of level of policy voice and technical issues addressed by groups. Both policy and technical issues can be addressed by the same group, particularly if they are organized under general information groups, or by two groups, with one reporting to another. Some states have what are essentially GIS users groups, with or without other groups. Membership is the focus of the remainder of this discussion about the groups. However, not reflected in the table is the organizational level of the individual participants in the groups. Overall, these levels mirror general geographic information conditions in states, and the wide range of differences in attention to policy verses technical issues. Members can range from agency directors (as in Kentucky and North Carolina) to mid-level or policy-level agency officials or, at the other end of the scale, GIS users. Membership representation in the groups is identified by sectors and state governance functions. The survey lists all of the sectors identified as members of state geographic information coordination groups. All groups have state government representation. All but ten groups are multisectoral, with academia and then local government being the most often mentioned membership sectors. Participation by the other sectors can vary significantly. For example, there can be many individuals for a sector such as in Montana where as many federal agencies as state agencies are involved. In other states, such as Washington, one federal official is essentially representing the entire federal government. The participation issue is also a problem regarding localities. Some states have individual local representatives which may or may not represent all localities. The most noteworthy under

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships represented sectors may be Native Americans and utilities, though they are very important for a national approach. The survey lists virtually all of the state government functions identified as members of state geographic information coordination groups. An overall classification of governance functions and specific state entities identified are as follows: Branches (legislative, judicial, executive) General government and administration (Governor, Planning; Budget, Finance and Comptroller; Secretary of State; Administration; Personnel, Human Development; Revenue, Property Tax Administration; Insurance, Regulation) General information (Information Policy, Information Statistics, Library, Information Technology, Census Data Center, Archives, Records Management, State Surveyor, State Cartographer) Natural resources management and environmental protection (also Public Land Management, State Forestry, State Geological Survey; Cultural Resources, Archeological Survey, Historical Preservation, Agriculture) Infrastructure (Transportation, Regulatory Utilities Commission) Human/Social Services (Social Services, Aging, Youth Programs; Human Health; Employment Security, Labor; Education; Higher Education) Public Safety, Emergency Management Economic Development/Growth Management (Economic Development, Commerce, Tourism; Rural Development, Community, Local Affairs) From the compilation, it can be concluded that virtually all functions of governance are increasingly represented in the geographic information coordination groups. This trend is important and positive in terms of developing and implementing omnibus efforts on a statewide basis. This condition also directly impacts coordination opportunities with the federal government. Of these functions, the primary one is natural resources management and environmental protection, represented on virtually all state groups. Transportation is included in most as well. Representation of each of the other functions is increasing, particularly during the last three years.

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships ALABAMA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Spring 1991 Memorandum of agreement for the coordination of GIS and land information systems among universities Signed by representatives of ten state's major universities to help initiate and build a statewide university level program that combines the strengths of each university. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP GIS/LIS Information Exchange Group (unofficial) Mission: The group's objective is to be a "grass roots" coordination body to reflect statewide GIS needs to help guide management toward achievable goals. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, regional entities, utilities, academic, professional organization, private sector users, private sector suppliers Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, employment-labor, economic development, legislative, state geological survey, higher education

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships ALASKA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description AS 09.25.110,115 AS 14.56.120(b) (1990) Requests for information by public agencies, public access The law was enacted to authorize sales of electronic products and services and to provide a foundation for citizen access to GIS technology. It distinguishes between "public records" and "electronic services and products." GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS Committee on Natural Resource Information Management (CONRIM) (official via MOAs) Mission: CONRIM is organized for the purpose of improving the acquisition, management, and dissemination of information among government, academic, research, and private interests concerning Alaska and the Arctic by Promoting networking of data, technology, personnel, and resources related to information management. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, academic, tribal, private sector users Functions: Governor's office, legislative, budget-comptroller, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, forestry, state geological survey, cultural resources-archeological-historical, agriculture, transportation, health State Mapping Advisory Committee (official) Mission: The SMAC was organized to coordinate state requirements for mapping and communicate them to USGS. SMAC's goals include exchanging information on data holdings, systems, needs and plans; identify statewide map and data requirements; establish data exchange standards; plan for data; and coordinate. Sectors Represented: State, local, tribal, federal, academic Functions: Governor's office, state planning, information technology, community-local affairs, state surveyor, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, forestry, state geological survey, cultural resources-archeological-historical, agriculture, transportation, economic development, rural development

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships ARIZONA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Executive Order 89-24 Establishes Arizona Geographic Information Council Established AGIC and terminated the Arizona State Mapping Advisory Committee. AGIC serves as an advisory council to the Arizona State Land Department. Roles include providing guidance and direction in the management of state GIS. Executive Order 92-17 Membership of AGIC expanded Expands the membership of AGIC to include the state's four regional GIS consortia. ARS Ch. 37-172, 173 amended 1984 & 1988 Resource Analysis Division This chapter originally established the Resource Analysis Division in the State Land Department, and in 1988 established the Office of the State Cartographer in the Department. ARS Ch. 37-176 (1992) Resource Analysis Division (update) Established nonlapsing, dedicated revolving fund to support GIS activities, source of monies, claims GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP Geographic Information Council (official via EO) Mission: The mission of AGIC is to coordinate the development and management of statewide geographic information and serve as an advisory council to the Arizona State Land Department to provide guidance and direction in the management of a state GIS, including standards for data architecture, quality, etc. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local government via association, academic, regional entities, private sector users Functions: V -revenue-property tax, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, employment-labor, education, economic development, public lands management, health, administrative, state geological survey, higher education; NV -social services, forestry, state surveyor, census data center, information technology, personnel-human development

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships ARKANSAS AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Act 150 (1993) Creates the State Mapping and Land Records Modernization Advisory Board Creates the board, designates it as the State Mapping Advisory Committee to coordinate with USGS, provides that the board will ensure that digital map data meets or exceeds national standards, encourage coordination and eliminate duplication, and to provide recommendations for a statewide program. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS GIS Users Forum (official by state leader) Mission: The objective of the forum includes development of goals, identification of major GIS issues to encourage data sharing and improve data compatibility, development of standards, and determination of appropriate legislation. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, utilities, academic Functions: Governor's office, census data center, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, regulatory utilities commission, cultural resources-archeological-historical, employment-labor, economic development, public safety-emergency management Mapping and Land Information Modernization Advisory Board (official by statute) Mission: The mission of the board is to study the current mapping and land information situation and identify goals and objectives including standards, encourage coordination, minimize duplication. Board will dissolve after providing recommendations to the governor, probably to include additional legislation. Sectors Represented: V -state, utilities, professional organizations, local government via association, academic; NV -federal, professional organization, academic Functions: V - legislative, information policy, information technology, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, rural development, cultural resources-archeological-historical; NV -health, public safety-emergency management, state surveyor

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships CALIFORNIA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Public Resources Code, Sec.8900 (1991) Creates of Geographic Information Task Force The Geographic Information Task Force was directed to provide recommendations to the governor and legislature concerning task force mechanisms to fund, develop, exchange, and maintain geographic information among public and private sector entities in the state. Executive Order W-22-92 Establishes members, chair, participants, and staff of GI Task Force The executive order follows the statute creating the GI Task Force by establishing the chair to be the director of the Governor's Office of Planning and Research, members to include leaders of five state agencies, participants to include representatives of academia, USGS, BLM, USFS, NOAA, and associations, and staff by Teale Data Center. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP Computer Mapping Coordinating Committee (unofficial) Mission: The committee serves as a users group and a forum for the development of policy statements and guidelines regarding the use of GIS and related data. It also assists in the development of standards and specifications for digital data and strives to serve as a clearing-house. Sectors Represented: State, academic, federal, regional entities, local Functions: Information technology, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, state geological survey, forestry, public lands management

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships COLORADO AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description D015089 October 19, 1989 Executive order: Colorado Geographic Information Coordinating Committee The executive order established the CGICC to promote cooperation between state, federal, and local agencies, and the private sector in addressing geographic data and information needs and services. (The executive order had a sunset date of the end of 1991—it was supplanted by the MOU) Spring 1993 Memorandum of understanding for interagency GI coordination and GI Coordination Committee The MOU was initiated and signed by seven state agencies and the Legislative Council to document agreement to shared objectives regarding GI/GIS data, technology, and investments, including maximizing and facilitating opportunities. It establishes the membership, responsibilities, and procedures of the GICC. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP Geographic Information Coordinating Committee (official by MOU) Mission: The role of the committee is to promote cooperation between state, federal and local agencies, and the private sector as a means to strive for excellence in the management of state resources. It also acts as an educational forum for GI in Colorado. Sectors Represented: V - state, local government via association; NV - federal Functions: Administrative, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, health, community-local affairs, agriculture, public safety-emergency management, legislative

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships TENNESSEE AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Tennessee Code Ann. 10-7-506 Public records with commercial value-fees may be charged accordingly This statute provides that if a request is made for a copy of a public record that has commercial value and it requires reproduction of a part of an automated map or other geographic data developed with public funds, the county may impose fees including development and maintenance costs. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS GIS Steering Committee of the Information Systems Council (ISC official by EO) Mission: The role of the committee is to help develop information standards, particularly those for cartography and GIS, while also encouraging coordinated development of GIS and avoiding duplication. Sectors Represented: State, local government via association Functions: Information policy, information technology, state planning, budget-comptroller, environmental protection-natural resource management, revenue-property tax, transportation, health, employment-labor, education, higher education GIS Working Group (official by Steering Committee) Mission: The mission of the GIS Working Group is to analyze the status of GIS in the state, primarily within state government, and also to provide networking and information exchange among GIS users. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, academic, private sector users, private sector suppliers Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, state planning, transportation, health

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships TEXAS AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Executive Order AWR 92-6, 1992 Providing direction to the GIS Planning Council This order provides that the Department of Information Resources has chartered the GIS Planning Council and directs that the Council shall plan for the most effective means of acquiring and distributing GI and ensuring agencies are in consort with state and federal agencies, develop a business plan, and ID data custodians and roles. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS Geographic Information Systems Planning Council (official by EO) Mission: The role of the council is to plan for the most cost-effective means of distributing GI in the state, and ensure agency programs are in concert with other state and federal agencies. Agencies are to be identified, and roles and responsibilities defined for data custodians. Sectors Represented: State, local government via association, regional entities, academic, private sector via association Functions: Information policy, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, transportation, health, social services, education, public safety-emergency management, community-local affairs, governor's office, budget-comptroller, secretary of state, regulatory utilities commission, Railroad Commission Texas Mapping Advisory Committee (historical) Mission: The role of TMAC is to facilitate information exchange among agencies and persons working with mapping in Texas, and has provided input to USGS regarding mapping priorities. It expanded its scope to digital cartography in the mid-1980s and has a subcommittee accordingly. Sectors Represented: State, regional entities, professional organization Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships UTAH AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Utah Code 63-1-61,62 1991 Automated Geographic Ref. Center (AGRC) & State Geographic Information Database (SGID) This act creates SGID and mandates state agencies to comply with policies and standards. It authorizes AGRC, in the Department of Administrative Services, to provide GIS services and manage SGID, with standard format, lineage, etc. SGID is the central reference for all information in any GIS database, and a repository for data with multiple users. House Con. Res. 24 1991 Utah Geographic Information Council This resolution recognizes the council has been established and states the ''Legislature and Governor commend and support'' the efforts of the council. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS Geographic Information Council (official via governor and legislature) Mission: UGIC's purpose is to serve as an umbrella organization with a forum for communication and information exchange about manual and automated GI. It was designed to work with other groups to reduce overlap and redundancy between groups working with GI/GIS. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, local government via association, professional organization, private sector users, private sector-suppliers, academic, utilities Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, cultural resources-archeological-historical State GIS Advisory Committee of the Information Tech. Review Committee (ITRC via statute) Mission: The role of the GIS Committee is to formulate and recommend proposed GIS policies, procedures, and standards; recommend priorities for data collection; review legal and policy issues related to data access; and make recommendations to resolve issues. It also oversees the state GI data base. Sectors Represented: State, local, federal, academic Functions: Information policy, information technology, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, agriculture, legislative

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships VERMONT AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description 1992 H. B. 955 Authorizes governor to make Vermont GIS a not-for-profit corporation This bill amends the 1988 bill that originally authorized GIS in Vermont. It provides that the strategy for GIS may include creation of a not-for-profit corporation to serve governments but not compete with private sector services. It establishes a Board of Directors, specifies its members and defines some roles. 24 VSA 4303, 4306, 4325, 4345a Revised 1988 Develop regional data base compatible with GIS, and establish duties of planning commissions Establishes powers and duties of regional planning commissions, including development of a regional data base compatible with GIS. Executive Order 92-3A Creates the Vermont Center for GI, Inc. as lead for state GI coordination The order creates the Vermont Center for GI, Inc. to foster GIS development and use. It establishes the corporate structure including the membership of the Board of Directors, powers of the corporation including data access procedures, standards, etc. The order also directs financial and planning requirements. VSA Title 3, Sec 20 1988 The Growth Management Act relating to encouraging local, regional, and state agency planning The act directed the governor to "develop a comprehensive strategy for the development and use of a GIS" and appropriated $4.75 million over five years for GIS. It provides the governor and regional planning districts shall ensure that all data relevant for GIS are developed in a compatible way for GIS use.

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS Vermont Center for GI, Inc. Board of Directors (official by statute) Mission: The mission of the VCGI Board is direct and manage the VCGI, including developing, publishing, maintaining and implementing policies, procedures and standards and providing access to the Vermont GIS. This role also includes providing GI services, products and support to public and private users. Sectors Represented: State, local government via association, regional entities, academic Functions: Administrative, legislative, environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation, economic development, community-local affairs VGIS Technical Advisory Committee Mission: The mission of the Technical Advisory Committee is to work with and support the Vermont Center for GI, including providing input and advise from state agency and other users. It also serves as a GIS users group providing information exchange among members. Sectors Represented: State, local, professional organization, regional entities, academic, private sector suppliers, private sector users Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, transportation Mapping Advisory Committee Mission: The purpose of the committee is to provide recommendation regarding mapping priorities, including to USGS. Sectors Represented: State, regional entities, professional organization, academic Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, forestry, state geological survey, transportation

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships VIRGINIA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Code of Virginia Act Ch. 668, 1989 Council on Information Management to conduct a study of land use information or mapping systems CIM was directed to assess the need and utility of geographic and biological land use information or mapping systems, identify opportunities for system integration and shared usage, make recommendations, and develop a plan for the coordinated operation and development of such systems. Code of Virginia, 2.1-563.32, 1992 Created the Advisory Committee on Mapping, Surveying, and LIS to advise Council on Information Management Created a new Advisory Committee (replacing the former Commission) on Mapping, Surveying, and LIS. The committee meets with, confers with, and advises the Council on Information Management on matters relating to mapping, surveying and land information systems. Code of Virginia, 15.1-11.7 1992 Local Government GIS Provides that local governments may develop GIS and require their departments to use them. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP Advisory Committee on Mapping, Surveying, and Land Information Systems (official via statute) Mission: The role of the Committee is to meet with, confer with and advise the Council on Information Management regarding mapping, surveying, and LIS, particularly for development of policies, standards, procedures, guidelines, recommendations, and access to data, while encouraging coordination. Sectors Represented: State, local, professional organization, regional entities, utilities Functions: Transportation, public safety-emergency management

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships WASHINGTON AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Ch. 58.22.020,24.020, 79.68.120, 1973, amended Authorizes role of Dept. of Natural Resources in geographic information Provides that (1) DNR shall establish and maintain a state base mapping system, and also define standards for it, (2) DNR's division of engineering is the official agency for surveys and maps, and (3) DNR shall design expansion of its land use data bank to include information to assist in land use, growth, and influence environmental quality. RCW 43.63A.550, 1990 Growth Management Act The act requires specific cities and counties to engage in planning activities, including comprehensive plans. The act requires collecting data on public and private land for land use, demographics, infrastructure, critical areas, housing, etc. It directs an advisory group with planning and GIS expertise. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUP State Geographic Information Council (official via Department of Information Systems) Mission: WSGIC was formed by the Department of Information Services to serve as a management level forum for exploring issues and alternatives, exchanging information, developing and recommended standards, and promoting cooperative data efforts. It fosters GI coordination and provides overall GI/GIS direction. Sectors Represented: V - state, academic, federal, local, private sector users; NV - tribal, nonprofit organization Functions: Information policy, information technology, environmental protection-natural resource management, health, economic development, community-local affairs, public safety-emergency management, transportation, employment-labor, social services, education, public lands management, budget-comptroller, library, legislative, forestry

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships WEST VIRGINIA AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS None GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS GIS Coordinating Committee (unofficial) Mission: The Committee was formed to provide a forum for GIS users and potential users to share ideas and information about technology, applications, and data exchange. It is working to determine a future direction for the state regarding GIS, including GPS as its initial effort. Sectors Represented: State, academic, federal, local, private sector suppliers, private sector users, regional entities, local government via association Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, health, transportation, state planning, state geological survey, higher education, economic development State GIS Steering Committee (unofficial, pending official status) Mission: The committee is being officially organized, with a pending executive order, and based on the existing coordination group. The role will be to encourage coordination and deal with technical issues to further GIS activities. Sectors Represented: State, academic, federal, local, private sector suppliers, private sector users, local government via association, regional entities, utilities Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, health, transportation, state planning, governor's office, higher education, economic development, community-local affairs, education, census data center, administrative, public safety-emergency management, regulatory utilities commission, public lands management, information statistics, cultural resources-archeological-historical

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships WISCONSIN AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS Citation Name/Type Description Wisconsin Laws 31 (1989) Creating the Land Information Program and the Land Information Board The board mission was established to direct and supervise the program, including serving as the state clearinghouse for land information and providing technical assistance to state and local agencies. Aid to counties is included, including designation of a county land information office and the opportunity to receive grants if participating. Wisconsin Laws 339 (1990) Establishing funding for the Land Information Program and ending matching fund needs to receive grants It provides recording fees be increased for first pages of legal documents from $4 to 8 in July, 1990, and to $10 in July, 1991, with counties retaining $2 of the first $4, and all of the $2 added in 1991. Counties are eligible for grants for the other funds, but must have designated office and plan for land records modernization. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS Land Information Association (unofficial) Mission: WLIA's mission is to promote integrated and multipurpose LIS networks and policy through legislative activity, membership education, standards development, forums for emerging concepts, and outreach. Its four goals include policy, networking, technical, and education with efforts in each area. Sectors Represented: State, federal, local, regional entities, academic, professional organization, utilities, private sector suppliers, private sector users, tribal, nonprofit organization Functions: Information policy, revenue-property tax, insurance regulation, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, state geological survey, agriculture, transportation, economic development, community-local affairs, rural development, legislative, information technology, census data center, higher education, state cartographer, regulatory utilities commission

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships Land Information Board (official via statute) Mission: The Board directs the Land Information Program, with a major goal of systems integration to ensure multiple use and sharing of data by all. The Board develops guidelines, administers a local grant program, provides technical assistance to state and local agencies, and serves as a data clearinghouse. Sectors Represented: V-state, local, professional organization, private sector suppliers, utilities; NV-federal, regional entities, local government via association, academic, private sector via association Functions: Revenue-property tax, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, forestry, state geological survey, cultural resources-archeological-historical, agriculture, transportation, higher education, legislative, administrative, census data center, state cartographer State Inter-Departmental Geographic Data Sharing Workgroup (unofficial) Mission: The workgroup's mission is to discuss, produce, implement and promote technical solutions for the processing of digital GI, with the goal to enhance the delivery of governmental services. The group solves day-to-day, operational problems, including collection, storage, and display of data. Sectors Represented: State, local government via association, regional entities, utilities Functions: Environmental protection-natural resource management, health, transportation, state geological survey, economic development, community-local affairs, education, state planning, administrative, higher education

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Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships WYOMING AUTHORIZATION FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS None GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION/GIS COORDINATION GROUPS GIS Steering Committee (official by Computer Technology Division) Mission: The Computer Technology Division of the Department of Admin. and Information established this group to set the direction of GIS efforts in the state. They set the agenda of the GIS Users Group as well as maintain the state metadata catalog, and address technical GIS issues. Sectors Represented: state, local, federal, academic, private sector-suppliers, private sector-users Functions: governor's office, library, revenue-property tax, secretary of state, legislative, administrative, information technology, census data center, archives-records management, environmental protection-natural resource management, public lands management, state geological survey, cultural resources-archeological-historical, transportation, social services, health, economic development GIS Users Group (official by Computer Technology Division) Mission: The Computer Technology Division of the Department of Admin. and Information created the group to promote communication, coordination, and sharing of data among various entities in the state, initially concentrating on state agencies. Effort is on data sharing and creation of a state base map. Sectors Represented: state, local, federal, academic, private sector-suppliers, private sector-users Functions: information technology, environmental protection-natural resource management, revenue-property tax, governor's office, library, secretary of state, legislative, administrative, census data center, archives-records management, public lands management, state geological survey, cultural resources-archeological-historical, transportation, social services, health, economic development State Mapping Advisory Committee (official by state agency) Mission: The role of the SMAC is coordinate activities among state agencies and others and provide input to USGS regarding mapping priorities. Sectors Represented: state Functions: environmental protection, natural resource management