Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 123
--> References AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association). 1993. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 202(2):229–249. AWI (Animal Welfare Institute). 1998. Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates: An Annotated Bibliography for Animal Care Personnel. Washington, D.C.: Animal Welfare Institute. AWIC (Animal Welfare Information Center). 1992. Environmental Enrichment Information Resources for Nonhuman Primates: 1987–1992. Beltsville, Md.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library. AWIC (Animal Welfare Information Center). C.P. Smith and J. Larson. 1990. Animal Euthanasia Bibliography. Beltsville, Md.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library. Abbott, D.H., and J.P. Hearn. 1978. Physical, hormonal and behavioral aspects of sexual development in the marmoset monkey, Callithrix jacchus. J Reprod Fert 53:155–166. Abbott, D.H., J. Barrett, C.G. Faulkes, and L.M. George. 1989. Social contraception in naked molerats and marmoset monkeys. J Zool (London) 219:703–710. Abbott, D.H., L.M. George, J. Barrett, J.K. Hodges, K.T. O'Byrne, J.W. Sheffield, I.A. Sutherland, G.R. Chambers, S.F. Lunn, and M.C. Ruiz de Elvira. 1990. Social control of ovulation in marmoset monkeys: A neuroendocrine basis for the study of infertility. Pp. 135–158 in Socioendocrinology of Primate Reproduction. T.E. Ziegler and F.B. Bercovitch , eds. New York: Wiley Liss. Abee, C.R. 1985. Medical care and management of the squirrel monkey. Pp. 447–488 in the Handbook of Squirrel Monkey Research. L.A. Rosenblum and C. R. Abee, eds. New York: Plenum Publishing. Abee, C.R. 1989. The squirrel monkey in biomedical research. ILAR News 31(1):11–20. Adams, S.R., E. Muchone, and J.H. Richardson. 1995. Biosafety. Pp. 375–420 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Alford, P.L., J. Fritz, and L.T. Nash. 1986. Infanticide in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) social groups. Am J Primatol 10(4):386 (Abstract).
OCR for page 124
--> Alford, P.L., M.A. Bloomsmith, M.E. Keeling, and T.F. Beck. 1995. Wounding Aggression During the Formation and Maintenance of Captive, Multimale Chimpanzee Groups. Zoo Biol 14:347–359. Altmann, J. 1980. Baboon Mothers and Infants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Baker, K.C. 1997. Human interaction as enrichment for captive chimpanzees: A preliminary report. Am J Primatol 42:92 (Abstract). Barrett, J.E. 1985. Behavioral pharmacology of the squirrel monkey. Pp. 315–348 in Handbook of Squirrel Monkey Research. L.A. Rosenblum and C.L. Coe, eds. New York: Plenum Press. Barrett, J., D.H. Abbott, and L.M. George. 1990. Extension of reproductive suppression by pheromonal cues in subordinate female marmoset monkeys, Callithrix jacchus. J Reprod Fert 90:411–418. Bayne, K.A.L. 1989. Nylon balls re-visited. Lab Primate Newsltr 28(1):5–6 Bayne, K.A.L. 1991. Providing environmental enrichment to captive primates. Compendium of Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 13(11):1689–1694. Bayne, K.A.L. 1996. Normal and abnormal behavior of laboratory animals: What do they mean? Lab Animal 25(1):21–24. Bayne, K.A.L., and R. Davis. 1983. Susceptibility of the rhesus monkey to the Ponzo Illusion. Bulletin Psychonomic Sci 21(6):476–478. Bayne, K.A.L., and C. McCully. 1989. The effect of cage size on the behavior of individually housed rhesus monkeys. Lab Animal 18:25–28. Bayne, K.A.L., and M. Novak. 1998. Behavioral disorders. Pp. 483–498 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. B.T. Bennett, C. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Bayne, K.A.L., S. Suomi, and B. Brown. 1989. A new monkey swing. Lab Primate Newsltr 28(4):16–17. Bayne K.A.L., H. Mainzer, S. Dexter, G. Campbell, F. Yamada, and S. Suomi. 1991. The reduction of abnormal behaviors in individually housed rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with a foraging grooming board. Am J Primatol 23:23–35. Bayne, K.A.L., J.K. Hurst, and S.L. Dexter. 1992a. Evaluation of the preference to and behavioral effects of an enriched environment on male rhesus monkeys. Lab Anim Sci 42(1):38–45. Bayne, K.A.L., S. Dexter, J. Mainzer, C. McCully, G. Campbell, and F. Yamada. 1992b. The use of artificial turf as a foraging substrate for individually housed rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Anim Welfare 1:39–53. Bayne, K.A.L., S.L. Dexter, and G.M. Strange. 1993a. The effects of food treat provisioning and human interaction on the behavioral well-being of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 32(2):6–9. Bayne, K.A.L., S. Dexter, J. Hurst, G. Strange, and E. Hill. 1993b. Kong toys for laboratory primates: are they really an enrichment or just fomites? Lab Anim Sci 43(1):78–85. Bayne, K.A.L., M. Haines, S. Dexter, D. Woodman and C. Evans. 1995. Nonhuman primate wounding prevalence: A retrospective analysis. Lab Animal 24(4):40–44. Beirise, J.H., and V. Reinhardt. 1992. Three inexpensive environmental enrichment options for group-housed Macaca mulatta. Lab Primate Newsltr 31(1):7–8. Bennett, T., C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. 1995. Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. New York: Academic Press. Benton. 1976. The establishment and husbandry of a black howler colony at Columbia Zoo. Int Zoo Yearbook 16:149–152. Berkson, G. 1967. Abnormal stereotyped motor acts. Pp. 76–94 in Comparative Psychopathology - Animal and Human. J. Zubina and H. F. Hunt, eds. New York: Grune & Stratton. Bernstein, I.S. 1962. Response to nesting material of wild-born and captive born chimpanzees. Anim Behav 10:1–6.
OCR for page 125
--> Bernstein, I.S. 1964. The integration of rhesus monkeys introduced to a group. Folia Primatol 2:50–63. Bernstein, I.S. 1967. Age and experience in chimpanzee nest building. Psychol Rep 20:1106. Bernstein, I.S. 1969. Introductory techniques in the formation of pigtail monkey troops. Folia Primatol 10:1–19. Bernstein, I.S. 1971. The influence of introductory techniques on the formation of captive mangabey groups. Primates 12:33–44. Bernstein, I.S. 1991. Social housing of monkeys and apes: Group formations. Lab Anim Sci 41:329–333. Bernstein, I.S., and R.J. Schusterman. 1964. The activities of gibbons in a social group. Folia Primatol 2:161–170. Bernstein, I.S., and W.A. Mason. 1963. Group formation by rhesus monkeys. Anim Behav 11:28–31. Bernstein, I.S., T.P. Gordon, and R.M. Rose. 1974a. Factors influencing the expression of aggression during introductions to rhesus monkey groups. Pp. 211–240 in Primate Aggression, Territoriality, and Xenophobia. R.L. Holloway, ed. New York: Academic Press. Bernstein, I.S., T.P. Gordon, and R.M. Rose. 1974b. Aggression and social controls in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) groups revealed in group formation studies . Folia Primatol 21:81–107. Bernstein, I.S., T.E. Ruehlmann, P.G. Judge, T. Lindquist, and J.L. Weed. 1991. Testosterone changes during the period of adolescence in male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Am J Primatol 24:29–38. Black, H. 1992. Captive chimps relate to canines. Dog World 77(3):28–30. Blaffer Hrdy, S. 1977. The Langurs of Abu: Female and Male Strategies of Reproduction. London: Harvard University Press. Bloomsmith, M.A. 1989. Feeding enrichment for captive great apes. Pp. 336–356 in Housing Care and Psychological Wellbeing of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E. Segal, ed. Park Ride, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Bloomsmith, M.A., L. Brent, and S. Shapiro. 1991. Guidelines for developing and managing an environmental enrichment program for nonhuman primates. Lab Anim Sci 41(4):372–377. Bloomsmith, M.A., G.E. Laule, P.L. Alford, and R.H. Thurston. 1994. Using training to moderate chimpanzee aggression during feeding. Zoo Biol 13:557–566. Bloomstrand M., K. Riddle, Alford, and T.L. Maple. 1986. Objective evaluation of a behavioral enrichment device for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Zoo Biol 5:293–300. Boccia M.L. 1989. Preliminary report on the use of a natural foraging task to reduce aggression and stereotypies in socially housed pigtail macaques. Lab Primate Newsltr 28(1):3–4. Boccia, M.L., M.L. Laudenslager, and M. Reite. 1994. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors affect infant responses to maternal separation. Psychiatry 57:43–50. Box, H.O. 1988. Behavioral responses to environmental change: Observations on captive marmosets and tamarins (Callitrichidae). Anim Tech 1:9–16. Brady, J.V., and S.E. Lukas. 1984. Testing Drugs for Physical Dependence Potential and Abuse Liability. National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series 52. Rockville, Md.: Department of Health and Human Services. Brady, J.V., R.R. Griffiths, R.D. Hienz, N.A. Ator, S.E. Lukas, and R.J. Lamb. 1987. Assessing drugs for abuse liability and dependence potential in laboratory primates . Pp. 45–85 in Methods of Assessing the Reinforcing Properties of Abused Drugs. M.A. Bozarth, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Brent, L. 1992. Woodchip bedding as enrichment for captive chimpanzees in an outdoor enclosure. Anim Welfare 1:161–170. Brent, L. and M. Belik. 1997. The response of group-housed baboons to three enrichment toys. Laboratory Animals 31:81–85. Brent, L., D.R. Lee, and J.W. Eichberg. 1989. Evaluation of two environmental enrichment devices for singly caged chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol Supplement 1:65–70.
OCR for page 126
--> Bryant, C.E., N.M.J. Rupniak, and S.D. Iversen. 1988. Effects of different environmental enrichment devices on cage stereotypies and autoaggression in captive cynomolgus monkeys. J Med Primatol 17:257–269. Bunyak, S.C., N.C. Harvey., R.J. Rhine, and M. Wilson. 1982. Venipuncture and vaginal swabbing in an enclosure occupied by a mixed-sex group of stumptailed macaques (Macaca arctoides). Am J Primatol 2:201–204. Butler, R.A. 1954. Curiosity in Monkeys. Sci Amer 190:70–75. Butler, T.M., B.G. Brown, R.C. Dysko, E.W. Ford, D.E. Hoskins, H.J. Klein, J.L. Levin, K.A. Murray, D.P. Rosenberg, J.H. Southen, and R.B. Swenson. 1995. Medical management. Pp. 257–334 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research. B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Byrd, L.D. 1977. Introduction: Chimpanzees as biomedical models. Pp. 161–166 in Progress in Ape Research. G.H. Bourne, ed. New York: Academic Press. CCAC (Canadian Council on Animal Care). 1993. Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals. Vol 1, 2 ed. E.D. Olfert, B.M. Cross, and A.A. McWilliam, eds. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1990. Update: Ebola-Related Filovirus Infection in Nonhuman Primates and Interim Guidelines for Handling Nonhuman Primates during Transit and Quarantine. MMWR January 19, 1990. 39(2):22–24, 29–30. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1991. Update: Nonhuman Primate Importation. MMWR October 11, 1991. 40(40):684–685, 691. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1993. Tuberculosis in Imported Nonhuman Primates - United States, June 1990-May 1993. MMWR July 30, 1993. 42(29):572–576. CDC/NIH (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Institutes of Health). 1993. Biosafety in microbiological and biomedical laboratories. HHS Pub No. (CDC) 93–8395, 3rd ed. Caine, N.G., and V.J. O'Boyle. 1992. Cage design and forms of play in red-bellied tamarins, Saguinus labiatus. Zoo Biol 11:215–220. Caine, N., H. Earle, and M. Reite. 1983. Personality traits of adolescent rand and early separation experience. Am J Primatol 4:253–260. Capitanio, J.P., and M.L. Reite. 1984. The roles of early separation experience and prior familiarity in social relations of pigtail macaques: A descriptive multi-variety study. Primates 25:475–484. Capitanio, J., K.L.R. Rasmussen, D. Snyder, M. Laudenslager, and M. Reite. 1986. Long-term follow-up of previously separated pigtail macaques: Group and individual differences in response to novel situations . J Child Psychol Psychiatry Allied Discip 27:531–538. Cardinal, B.R., and S.J. Kent. 1998. Behavioral effects of simple manipulable environmental enrichment on pair-housed juvenile macaques (Macaca nemestrina). Lab Primate Newsltr 37(1):1–3. Carter, K.K., and P. Houghton. 1987. Blunting canine teeth in macaques: A possible alternative to extraction or endodontia. Lab Animal 16:27–28, 30–33. Castro, R., and P. Soini. 1977. Field studies on Saguinus mystax and other callitrichids in Amazonian Peru. Pp. 73–78 in The Biology and Conservation of Callitrichdae. D. Kleinman, ed. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. Catchpole, H.R., and G. Van Wagenen. 1975. Reproduction in the rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta. Pp. 117–140 in The Rhesus Monkey, Vol II. Management, Reproduction, and Pathology. G.H. Bourne, ed. New York: Academic Press. Cebul, M.S., M.C. Alverio, and G. Epple. 1978. Odor recognition and attachment in infant marmosets. Pp. 141–146 in Biology and Behavior of Marmosets. H. Rothe, H.H. Wolters, and J. Hearn, eds. Gottingen: Eigenverlag Rothe. Chambers, D.R., T.E. Gibson, L. Bindman, P.J. Guillou, W.J. Herbert, P.A. Mayes, T.N. Pool, A.J. Wade, and R.K.S. Wood. 1992. Guidelines on the Handling and Training of Laboratory Animals. Potters Bar: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. Chamove, A.S., and J.R. Anderson. 1979. Woodchip litter in macaque group. Anim Tech 30:69–74.
OCR for page 127
--> Chamove, A.S., and B. Rohrhuber. 1989. Moving callitrichid monkeys from cages to outside areas. Zoo Biol 8:151–163. Chamove, A.S., J.R. Anderson, S.C. Jones, and S.P. Jones. 1982. Deep woodchip litter: Hygiene, feeding and behavioral enhancement in eight primate species. Int J Study Anim Prob 3:308–318. Chamove, A.S., J.R. Anderson, and V.J. Nash. 1984. Social and environmental influences on self-aggression in monkeys. Primates 25:319–325. Chamove, A.S., G.R. Hosey, and P. Schaetzel. 1988. Visitors excite primates in zoos. Zoo Biol 7:359–369. Chapman, W.L., W.A. Crowell, and W. Isaac. 1973. Spontaneous lesions seen at necropsy in 7 owl monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus). Lab Anim Sci 23(3):434–442. Charles-Dominique, P. 1974. Aggression and territoriality in nocturnal prosimians. Pp. 31–48 in Primates Aggression, Territoriality, and Xenophobia. R.C. Holloway, ed. New York: Academic Press. Clarke, A. 1982a. Scent marks as social signals in Galago crassicaudatus . I. Sex and reproducive status as factors in signals and responses. J Chem Ecol 8:1133–1151. Clarke, A. 1982b. Scent marks as social signals in Galago crassicaudatus . II. Discrimination between individuals by scent. J Chem Ecol 8:1153–1165. Clarke, A., W. Mason and G. Moberg. 1988. Interspecific contrasts in responses of macaques to transport cage training. Lab Anim Sci 38(3):305–308. Clarke, A., N.M. Czekala, and D.G. Lindburg. 1995. Behavioral and adrenocortical responses of male cynomolgus and lion-tailed macaques to social stimulation and group formation. Primates 36:41–46. Collinge, N.E. 1989. Mirror reactions in a zoo colony of cebus monkeys. Zoo Biol 8:89–98 Coe, C.L. 1991. Is social housing of primates always the optimal choice? Pp. 78–92 in Through the Looking Glass: Issues of Psychological Well-being in Captive Nonhuman Primates. M.A. Novak and A.J. Petto, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Coe, C.L. 1993. Psychosocial factors in immunity in nonhuman primates: A review. Psychosom Med 55:298–308. Coe, C.L. and L.A. Rosenblum. 1984. Male dominance in the bonnet macaque: A malleable relationship. Pp. 31–64 in Social Cohesion: Essays toward a Sociophysiological Perspective. P. Barchas and S. Mendoza, eds. Westport: Greenwood Press. Coe, C.L., D. Franklin, E.R. Smith, and S. Levine. 1982. Hormonal responses accompanying fear and agitation in the squirrel monkey. Physiol Behav 29:1051–1057. Coelho, A.M., K.D. Carey, and R.E. Shade. 1991. Assessing the effects of social environment on blood pressure and heart rates of baboon. Am J Primatol 23:257–267. Coimbra-Filho, A., and R. Mittermeier. 1981. Ecology and Behavior of Neo-tropical Primates, Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. Collinge, N.E. 1989. Mirror reactions in a zoo colony of cebus monkeys. Zoo Biol 8:89–98. Coman, J.L., J.D. Fortman, M.E.A.F Alves, R.M. Bunte, and B.T. Bennett. (In press). Assessment of canine disarming technique in nonhuman primates. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 34(4). Conlee, K.M., A.A. Lilly, and D.M. Taub. 1996. Formation of outdoor multimale breeding groups of rhesus macaques. International Primatological Society. Am Soc Primatologists Congress Abstracts No. 671. Cooper, M.A., R.K. Thompson, I.S. Bernstein, and F.B.M. de Waal. 1997. The integration of stranger males into a group of tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Am J Primatol 42:102. Crockett, C.M., and D.M. Bowden. 1994. Challenging conventional wisdom for housing monkeys. Lab Animal 23:29–33. Crockett, C.M., J. Bielitzki, A. Carey, and A. Velez. 1989. Kong toys as enrichment devices for singly-caged macaques. Lab Primate Newsltr 28:21–22.
OCR for page 128
--> Crockett, C.M., C.L. Bowors, M. Shimoji, M. Leu, R. Bellanca, and D.M. Bowden. 1993a. Appetite and urinary cortisol responses to different cage sizes in female pigtail macaques. Am J Primatol 30(4):305. Crockett, C.M., Bowers, C.L., Sackett, G.P. & Bowden, D.M. 1993b. Urinary cortisol responses of long-tailed macaques to five cage sizes, tethering, sedation, and room change. Am J Primatol 30:55–74. Crockett, C.M., C.L. Bowers, D.M. Bowden, G. Sackett. 1994. Sex differences in compatibility of pair-housed adult long-tailed macaques. Am J Primatol 32:73–94 Crockett, C.M., R.U. Bellanca, C.L. Bowers, and D.M. Bowden. 1997. Grooming-contact bars provide social contact for individually caged laboratory macaques. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 36:53–60. Davenport, R.K., and C.M. Rogers. 1970. Differential rearing of the chimpanzee: A project study. Pp. 337–360 in The Chimpanzee. G.H. Bourne, ed. New York: Karger Publishing. Davenport, R.K., C.M. Rogers, and D.M. Rumbaugh. 1973. Long-term cognitive deficits in chimpanzees associated with early impoverished rearing. Develop Psychol 9:343–347. DeValois, R.L., and G.H. Jacobs. 1971. Vision. Pp. 107–157 in Behavior of Nonhuman Primates: Modern Research Trends. New York: Academic Press. DeVore, I. 1963. Mother-infant relations in free-ranging baboons. Pp. 305–335 in Maternal Behavior in Mammals. H.L. Rheingold, ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons. de Waal, F.B.M. 1989. Peacemaking among primates. P. 230. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Dittus, W.P.J. 1980. The social regulation of primate populations: A synthesis. Pp. 263–286 in The Macaques: Studies in Ecology, Behavior and Evolution. D.G. Lindburg, ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Draper, W.A., and I.S. Bernstein. 1963. Stereotyped behavior and cage size. Percept Mot Skills 16:231–234. Dugmore, S.J., K. Bailey, and C. Evans. 1984. Discrimination by male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) between the scent marks of male and female conspecifics. Int J 5(3):235–245. Eaton, G.G., S.T. Kelley, M.K. Axthelm, S.A. Iliff-Sizemore, and S.M. Shiigi. 1994. Psychological well-being in paired adult female rhesus (Macaca mulatta). Am J Primatol 33:89–99. Eglash, A., and C.T. Snowdon. 1983. Mirror-image responses by pygmy marmosets (Cebuella pygmaea). Am J Primatol 5:211–219. Ehardt, C.L., and I.S. Bernstein. 1986. Matrilineal overthrows in rhesus monkey groups . Int J Primatol 7:157–181. Epple, G. 1978. Reproductive and social behavior of marmosets with special reference to captive breeding. Pp. 50–62 in Marmosets in Experimental Medicine. N. Gengozian and F. Deinhardt, eds. Basel: S. Karger. Epple, G. 1986. Communication by chemical signals. Pp. 531–580 in Comparative Primate Biology, Volume 2, Part A: Behavior, Conservation and Ecology. G. Mitchel and J. Erwin, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Epple, G., and Y. Katz. 1984. Social influences on estrogen secretion and ovarian cyclicity in saddle-back tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis ). Am J Primatol 6:215–227. Epple, G., and H. Niblick. 1997. Social memory in saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). Folia Primatol 68:3–5. Epple, G., A. Belcher, I. Küderling, U. Zeller, L. Scolnick, K. Greenfield, and A.B. Smith III. 1993. Making sense out of scents: Species differences in scent-glands, scent-marking behavior, and scent-mark composition in the Callitrichidae. Pp. 123–151 in Marmosets and Tamarins. Systematics, Behavior, and Ecology. A.B. Rylands, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Erwin, J. 1979. Aggression in captive macaques: Interaction of social and spatial factors. Pp. 139–171 in Captivity and Behavior: Primates in Breeding Colonies, Laboratories, and Zoos. J. Erwin, T. Maple, and G. Mitchell, eds. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
OCR for page 129
--> Erwin, J., and R. Deni. 1979. Strangers in a strange land. Pp. 1–28 in Captivity and Behavior. J. Erwin, T. Maple, and G. Mitchell, eds. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Erwin, J.M., B.P. Blood, C.H. Southwick, and T.L. Wolfle. 1995. Primate conservation. Pp. 113–128 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Evans, C.S., and R.W. Goy. 1968. Social behavior and reproductive cycles in captive ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). J Zool (London) 156:171–179. Fairbanks, L.A. 1988. Vervet monkey grandmothers: Effects on mother-infant relationships. Behavior 104(1–2):176–188. (German summary) Fajzi, K., V. Reinhardt, and M.D. Smith. 1989. A review of environmental enrichment strategies for singly caged nonhuman primates. Lab Animal 18:23–35. Fleagle, J.C. 1988. Primate Adaptations and Evolution. San Diego: Academic Press. Flurer, C.I., and H. Zucker. 1988. Coprophagy in marmosets due to insufficient protein (amino acid) intake. Laboratory Animals 22:330–331. Fragaszy, D.M. 1985. Cognition in squirrel monkeys: A contemporary perspective. Pp. 55–98 in Handbook of Squirrel Monkey Research. L.A. Rosenblum and C. Coe, eds. New York: Plenum Press. Fragaszy, D.M., and L. Adams-Curtis. 1991. Generative aspects of manipulation in tufted capuchin monkeys. J Comp Psychol 105:387–397. Fragaszy, D.M., and E. Visalberghi. 1989. Social influences on the acquisition of tool-using behaviors in tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). J Comp Psychol 103:159–170. Fragaszy, D.M., and G.C. Westergaard. 1985. Effects of manipulatable objects on the activity of captive capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Zoo Biol 4:317–327. Fragaszy, D.M., J.F. Baer, and L.E. Adams-Curtis. 1991. Behavioral development and maternal care in tufted capuchins (Cebus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) from birth through seven months. Develop Psychobiol 24:375–393. Fragaszy, D.M., J. Baer, and L. Adams-Curtis. 1994. Introduction and integration of strangers into social groups of tufted capuchins. Int J Primatol 15:399–420. French, J., and J. Stribley. 1987. Synchronization of ovarian cycles within and between social groups in the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia). Am J Primatol 12:469–478. Fritz, J. 1994. Introducing unfamiliar chimpanzees to a group or partner. Lab Primate Newsltr 33(1):5–7. Fritz, J. 1986. Resocialization of asocial chimpanzees. Pp. 351–359 in The Road to Self-Sustaining Populations. K. Benirschke, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Fritz, J. 1989. Resocialization of captive chimpanzees: An amelioration procedure. Am J Primatol Supplement 1:79–86. Fritz, J., and P. Fritz. 1982. Great ape hand rearing with a goal of normacy and a reproductive confinement. Pp. 27–31 in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Fritz, J., and P. Fritz. 1985. The hand rearing unit: Management decisions that may affect chimpanzee development. Pp. 1–34 in Clinical Management of Infant Great Apes. C.E. Graham and J.A. Bowen, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Fritz, J., and S. Howell. 1993a. Psychological wellness for captive chimpanzees: An evaluative program. Humane Innovations Alternatives 7:426–433. Fritz, J., and S. Howell. 1993b. The disappearing ice cube. Lab Primate Newsltr 32(1):8. Fritz, J., J.W. Ebert, and J.F. Carland. 1985. Nutritional management of infant apes. Pp. 141–156 in Clinical Management of Infant Great Apes . C.E. Graham and J.A. Bowen, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Fritz, J., S.M. Howell, H. Hogan, B. Nankivell, and L. Nash. 1991. Weaning in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). As assessed by an easily collected measure. Lab Primate Newsltr 30(4):13–16.
OCR for page 130
--> Fritz, J., L. Nash, and S. Howell. 1992a. Effect of temporary restricted social housing on later reproductive behavior in adolescent chimpanzees. Lab Animal 21(5):21–25. Fritz, J., S. Maki, L. Nash, T. Martin, and M. Matevia. 1992b. The relationship between forage material and levels of coprophagy in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Zoo Biol 11:313–318. Fritz J., S.M. Howell, and M.L. Schwandt. 1997. Colored light as environmental enrichment for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Lab Primate Newsltr 36(2):1–4 Fritz J., T. Wolfle, and S. Howell. (In press). Chimpanzees. Chapter 39 in Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals, 17th edition. T. Poole, ed., Great Britain: Longman Scientific and Technical. Gallup, G.G, Jr. 1977. Self-recognition in primates: A comparative approach to the bidirectional properties of consciousness. Am Psychol 32:329–338. Gallup, G.G., Jr. 1982. Self-awareness and the emergence of mind in primates. Am J Primatol 2:237–248. Gilbert, S.G., and E. Wrenshall. 1989. Environmental enrichment for monkeys used in behavioral toxicology studies. Pp. 244–254 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E.F. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyce Publications. Glatson, A.R., E. Geilvoet-Soeteman, E. Hora-Pecek, and J. van Hooff. 1984. The influence of the zoo environment on social behavior of groups of cotton-topped tamarins, Saguinus oedipus oedipus. Zoo Biol 3:241–253. Gluck, J. P. 1979. The intellectual consequences of early social restriction in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). In Nursery Care of Nonhuman Primates. G.C. Ruppenthal, ed. New York: Plenum Press. Goodwin, J. 1997. The application, use, and effects of training and enrichment variables with Japanese snow macaques (Macaca fuscata) at the Central Park Wildlife. Pp. 510–515 in American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) Regional Conference Proceedings. Gonzalez, C.A., C.L. Coe, and S. Levine. 1982. Cortisol responses under different housing conditions in female squirrel monkeys. Psychoneuroendocrinol 7:209–216. Goodall, J. 1963. Feeding behavior of wild chimpanzees. Pp. 39–47 in The Primates: Symposia of the Zoological Society of London (No. 10). J. Napier and N.A. Barnicot, eds. London: Zoological Society of London. Goodall, J. 1968. Behavior of free-living chimpanzees of the Gombe Stream Preserve. Anim Behav Monographs 1:163–311. Goodall, J. 1986. The Chimpanzees of Ghombe, Patterns of Behavior. The Belknap Press of Cambridge, Mass. Goosen, C. 1988. Influence of age of weaning on the behavior of rhesus monkeys. Primate Eye 34:16–17 (Abstract). Gordon, T.P., D.A. Gust, M.E. Wilson, A. Ahmed-Ansari, A.R. Brodie, and H.M. McClure. 1992. Social separation and reunion affects immune system in juvenile rhesus monkeys. Physiol Behav 51(3):467–472. Greissmann, T. 1990. Familiar incidence of multiple birth in a colony of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). J Med Primatol 19:467–478. Grief, L., J. Fritz, and S. Maki. 1992. Alternative forage types for captive chimpanzees. Lab Primate Newsltr 31(2):11–13 Gust, D.A., T.P. Gordon, M.E. Wilson, A.R. Brodie, A. Ahmed-Ansari, and H.M. McClure. 1992. Removal from natal social group to peer housing affects cortisol levels and absolute numbers of T cell subsets in juvenile rhesus monkeys. Brain Behav Immun 6(2):189–199. Gust D.A., T.P. Gordon, A.R. Brodie, and H.M. McClure. 1994. Effect of a preferred companion in modulating stress in adult female rhesus monkeys. Physiol Behav 55:681–684. Harcourt, C.S., R.H. Crompton, and A.T.C. Feistner, eds. 1998. Biology and Conservation of Prosimians. Folia Primatol 69 (suppl. 1).
OCR for page 131
--> Harlow, H.F., and S.J. Suomi. 1971. Social recovery by isolation-reared monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 68:1534–1538. Harlow, H.F., M.K. Harlow, and D.R. Mayer. 1950. Learning motivated by manipulation drive. J Exper Psychol 40:228–234. Harlow, H.F., M.K. Harlow, and S.J. Suomi. 1971. From thought to therapy: Lessons from a primate laboratory. Amer Scientist 59:538–549. Harrington, J.E. 1976. Discrimination between individuals by scent in Lemur fulvus. Anim Behav 24:207–212. Harrington, J.E. 1977. Discrimination between males and females by scent in Lemur fulvus. Anim Behav 25:147–151. Hauser, M.D. (In press). A nonhuman primate's expectations about object motion and destination: The importance of self-propelled movement and animacy. Develop Sci. Hauser, M.D., and S. Carey. 1998. Building a cognitive creature from a set of primitives: Evolutionary and developmental insights. In The Evolution of Mind. D. Cummins and C. Allen, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hauser, M.D., J. Kralik, C. Botto-Mahan, M. Garrett and J. Oser. 1995. Self-recognition in primates: phylogeny and the salience of species-typical traits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 92:10811–10814. Hayes, S.L. 1990. Increasing foraging opportunities for a group of captive cebus monkeys (Cebus capucinus). Lab Anim Sci 40(5):515–519. Hearn, J.P. 1983. Reproduction in New World Primates. Ch 6 in New Models in Medical Science. J. P. Hearn, ed. Lancaster, England: MTP Press. Heath, M. 1989. The training of cynomolgus monkeys and how the human animal relationship improves with environmental and mental enrichment. Anim Technol 40:11–22. Heger, W., and D. Neubert. 1988. Maintenance and breeding of Callithrix jacchus in a colony in Berlin. In Nonhuman Primates: Developmental Biology and Toxicology. D. Neubert, H.J. Merker, and A.G. Hendricks, eds. Wien: Uberreuter Wissenschaftsverlag. Heltne, P.G., J.F. Wojcik, and A.G. Pook. 1981. Goeldi's monkeys, genus Callimico. Pp. 169–209 in Ecology and Behavior of Neo-tropical Primates. A.F. Coimbra-Filho and R.A. Mittermeier, eds. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. Herbers, J. M. 1981. Time resources and laziness in animals. Oecologia 49:252–262. Hershkovitz, P. 1983. Two new species of night monkeys, genus Aotus (Cebidae, Platyrahini): A preliminary report on Autus taxonomy. Am J Primatol 4:209–244. Hershkovitz, P. 1984. Taxonomy of squirrel monkey genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Playtrrhini): A preliminary report with description of a hither unnamed form. Am J Primatol 6:257–312. Heymann, E. 1987. Interspecific interactions in a mixed troop of mustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax), and saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis) at the Rio Blanco, Peruvian Amazonia. Int J Primatol 8:484. Howell, S.M., J. Fritz, S. Downing, and M. Bunuel. 1977. Treating chronic regurgitation behavior: A case study. Lab Anim 26(2):30–33. Hummer, R.L., H.C. May, and W.F. Wright. 1969. Observations during the first year of operation of a chimpanzee breeding colony. Z Versuehstierk 11:207–221. Hunt, D. 1991. Positional behavior in the hominoidea. Int J Primatol 12(2):95–118. Hunt, R.D., F.G. Garcia, and D.M. Hegsted. 1967a. A comparison of vitamin D2 and D3 in new world primates. I. Production and regression of osteodystrophia fibrosa. Lab Anim Care 17:222–234. Hunt, R.D., F.G. Garcia, D.M. Hegsted, and N. Kaaplinsky. 1967b. Vitamins D2 and D3 in new world primates: Influence on calcium absorption. Science 157:943–945. Hunt, R.D, M.J. Van Zwieten, R.B. Baggs, P.K. Sehgal, N.W. King, S.M. Roach, and B.J. Blake. 1976. Glomerulonephritis in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). Lab Anim Sci 26:1088–1092.
OCR for page 132
--> IRAC (Interagency Research Animal Committee). 1985. U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training. Federal Register. May 20, 1985. Washington, D.C.: Office of Technology Policy. Pp. 116–118 in Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (NRC 1996). IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature). 1990. Red Data Book. Volume I: Mammalia. Morges, Switzerland: IUCN. Johnsen, D.O. 1995. History. Pp. 1–14 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Johnson, E.O., T.C. Kamilaris, S. Carter, P.W. Gold, and G.P. Chrousos. 1991a. ''Environmental stress" and reproductive success in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Am J Primatol 25:191–201. Johnson, L.D., A.J. Petto, and P.K. Sehgal. 1991b. Survival reproduction as measures of psychological well-being in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Pp. 93–102 in Through the Looking Glass. M.A. Novak and A.J. Petto, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Jolly, A. 1966. Lemur Behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kaufman, I.C., and L.A. Rosenblum. 1967. The reaction to separation in infant monkeys: Anaclitic depression and conservation-withdrawal. Psychosom Med 29:648–675. Keeling, M.E., and R.H. Wolf. 1975. Medical management of the rhesus monkey. Pp. 11–96 in The Rhesus Monkey, Vol. 11. G. H. Bourne, ed. New York: Academic Press. Kelley, T.M., and C.A. Bramblett. 1981. Urine collection from vervet monkeys by instrumental conditioning. Am J Primatol 1:95–97. Kingsley, S.R. 1980. Social and endocrine correlates of the development of the secondary sexual characteristics in the male orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). Primate Eye 14:6. Kinzey, W. 1997. New World Primates: Ecology, Evolution and Behavior. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Kirkwood, J.K., M.A. Epstein, and A.J. Terlecki. 1983. Factors influencing population growth of a colony of cotton-top tamarins. Laboratory Animals 17:35–41. Kleiman, D.G., R.T. Hoage, and K.M. Green. 1988. The lion tamarins, genus Leontopithecus. Pp. 299–347 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, Volume 2. R.A. Mittermeier, A.B. Rylands, A.F. Coimbra-Filho, and G.A.B. Fonesca. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund. Knapka, J., D.E. Barnard, K.A.L. Bayne, S.M. Lewis, B.M. Marriot, and O.T. Oftedal. 1995. Nutrition. Pp. 211–248 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management. B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Knowles, L., M. Fourrier, and S. Eisele. 1995. Behavior training of group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) for handling purposes. Laboratory Animal Newsletter 34(2):1–4. Kreger, M.D. 1995. Training Materials for Animal Facility Personnel: AWIC Quick Bibliography Series, 95–08. Beltsville, Md.: National Agricultural Library. Kreger, M.D., M. Hutchins, and N. Fascione. 1998. Context, Ethics and Environmental Enrichment in Zoos and Aquariums. Pp. 59–82 in Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. Lambeth, S.P., and M.A. Bloomsmith. 1992. Mirror as enrichment for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Lab Anim Sci 42:261–266. Laudenslager, M.L., J.P. Capitanio, and M.L. Reite. 1986. Some consequences of early separation experiences on subsequent immune function. Am J Psychiatry 142:862–864. Laudenslager, M.L., D.E. Held, M.L. Boccia, M.L. Riete, and J.J. Cohen. 1990. Behavioral and immunological consequences of brief mother-infant separation: A species comparison. Dev Psychobiol 23:247–264.
OCR for page 133
--> Laudenslager, M.L., M.L. Boccia, and M.L. Reite. 1996. Natural cytotoxicity toward K562 cells by macaque lymphocytes from infancy through puberty: Effects of early social challenge. Brain Behav Immun 10:275–287. Laule, G.E., M.E. Keeling, P.L. Alford, R.H. Thurston, M.A. Bloomsmith, and T.F. Beck. 1992. Positive reinforcement techniques and chimpanzees: An innovative training program. Pp. 713–718 in Regional Proceedings, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Weeling, W. Va. Laule, G.E., R.H. Thurston, P.L. Alford, and M.A. Bloomsmith. 1996. Training to reliably obtain blood and urine samples from diabetic chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Zoo Biol 15:587–591. Leary, G., K.A.L. Bayne, and C. Bennett. 1985. The ocular components of senescence. Pp. 155–186 in Behavior and Pathology of Aging in Rhesus Monkeys. R.T. Davis and C.W. Leathers, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Lehman, S.M., and R.G. Lessnau. 1992. Pickle barrels as enrichment objects for rhesus macaques. Lab Anim Sci 42:392–397. Leming, J.T., and J.D. Henderson. 1996. A unique, labor-saving primate enrichment strategy. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 35(4):69 (Abstract). Line, S.W., and K.N. Morgan. 1991. The effects of two novel objects on the behavior of singly caged adult rhesus macaques. Lab Anim Sci 41:365–369. Line, S.W., A.S. Clarke, H. Markowitz, and G. Ellman. 1990a. Responses of female rhesus macaques to an environmental enrichment apparatus. Lab Anim 24:213–220. Line, S.W., K.N. Morgan, H. Markowitz, J. Roberts, and M. Riddell. 1990b Behavioral responses of female long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) to pair formation. Lab Primate Newsltr 29(4):1–5. Line, S.W., K.N. Morgan, H. Markowitz, and S. Strong. 1990c. Increased cage size does not alter heart rate or behavior in female rhesus monkeys. Am J Primatol 20:107–113. Line, S.W., K.N. Morgan, and H. Markowitz. 1991. Simple toys do not alter the behavior of aged rhesus monkeys. Zoo Biol 10:473–484. Lopez-Anaya, A., J.D. Unadkat, and L.A. Schumann. 1990. Simple and effective procedure for complete urine collection from infant macaques (Macaca nemestrina). Pharmacol Methods 24:105–109. Lunn, S.F. 1989. Systems for collection of urine in the captive common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus. Laboratory Animals 23:353–356. Lutz, C.K., and R.A. Farrow. 1996. Foraging device for singly housed long-tailed macaques does not reduce stereotypies . Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 35(3):75–78. Maki, S., and M. Bloomsmith. 1989. Uprooted trees facilitate the psychological well-being of captive chimpanzees. Zoo Biol 8:79–87. Maki, S., P.L. Alford, M. Bloomstrand, and J.A. Franklin. 1988. Simulated "termite-fishing" food puzzle device for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol 14:431 (Abstract). Maki S., P.L. Alford, M.A. Bloomsmith, and J. Franklin. 1989. Food puzzle device simulating termite fishing for captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol Supplement 1:71–78. Maki, S., J. Fritz, and N. England. 1993. An assessment of early differential conditions on later behavioral development in captive chimpanzees. Infant Behavioral Development J 16(3):373–381. Malik, I., and C.H. Southwick. 1988. Feeding behavior and activity patterns of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) at Tughlaqabad, India. Pp. 95–111 in Ecology and Behavior of Food-enhanced Primate Groups. J.E. Fa and C.H. Southwick, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Markowitz, H., and C. Aday. 1998. Power for captive animals. Pp. 47–58 in Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
OCR for page 134
--> Marriott, B. 1988. Time budgets of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in forest habitat in Nepal and Cayo Santiago. Pp. 125–149 in Ecology and Behavior of Food-enhanced Primate Groups. J.E. Fa and C.H. Southwick, eds. New York: Alan R. Liss. Mason, W.A. 1965. Determinants of social behavior in young chimpanzees. 1965. Pp. 335–364 in Behavior of Non human Primates, A.M. Schrier, H.F. Harlow, and F. Stollnitz, eds. New York: Academic Press. Mason, W.A. 1991. Effects of social interaction on well-being: Developmental aspects. Lab Anim Sci 41:323–328. Mason, W.A., and G. Berkson. 1975. Effects of maternal mobility on the development of rocking and other behaviors in rhesus monkeys: A study with artificial mothers. Dev Psychobiol 8:197–211. Mason, W.A., J.H. Hollis, and L.G. Sharpe. 1962. Differential responses of chimpanzees to social stimulation. J Comp Physiol Psychol 55:1101–1110. Mason, W.A., S.V. Saxon, and L.G. Sharpe. 1963. Preferential responses of young chimpanzees to food and social rewards. Psycholog Rec 13(3):163–169. McCully, C.L., and K. Godwin. 1992. The collar and snaphook restraint system for rhesus monkeys: A new approach to pole and collar training and access port presentation. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 31(5):14–16. McGrew, W.C., J.A. Brennan, and J. Russell. 1986. An artificial "gum-tree" for marmosets (Callithrix j. jacchus) Zoo Biol 5:45–50. McKenzie, S.M., A.S. Chamove, and A.T.C. Feistner. 1986. Floor-coverings and hanging screens alter arboreal monkey behavior. Zoo Biol 5:339–348. Meder, A. 1985. Integration of hand-reared gorilla infants in a group. Zoo Biol 4:1–12. Meisch, R.A., and M.E. Carroll. 1987. Oral drug self-administration: Drugs as reinforcers. Pp. 143–160 in Methods of Assessing the Reinforcing Properties of Abused Drugs. M.A. Bozarth, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Mendoza, S.P., and W.A. Mason. 1994. Constitution and context: The social modulation of temperament. Pp. 251–256 in Current Primatology, Vol II. Social Development, Learning, and Behavior. B. Thierry, J.R. Anderson, J.J. Roeder, N. Herrenschmidt, eds. Strasbourg: Univ. Louis Pasteur. Mendoza, S.P., S. Lyons, and W. Saltzman. 1991. Sociophysiology of squirrel monkeys. Am J Primatol 23:37–54. Menzel, E.W. Jr., and C.R. Menzel. 1979. Cognitive, developmental and social aspects of responsiveness to novel objects in a family group of marmosets (Saguinus fuscicollis). Behavior 70:251–279. Menzel, E.W., and J. Lawson. 1985. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) spacial problems solving with the use of mirrors and televised equivalents of mirrors. J. Comp Psych 99:211–217. Mertl, A.S. 1975. Discrimination of individuals by scent in a primate. Behav Biol 14:505–509. Meydani, S.N., R.J. Nicolosi, P.K. Sehgal, and K.C. Hayes. 1983. Altered lipoprotein metabolism in spontaneous vitamin E deficiency of owl monkeys. Am J Clin Nutr 38(6):888–894. Miller, L.C., K.A. Bard, C.J. Juno, and R.D. Nadler. 1986. Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment. Folia Primatol 47:128–142. Milton, K. 1980. The foraging strategy of howler monkeys. A study in primate economics. New York: Columbia University Press. Mineka, S., and J. Kihlstrom. 1978. Unpredictable and uncontrollable events. J. Abnorm Psychol 87:256–271. Mineka, S., M. Gunnar, and M. Champoux. 1986. Control and early socio-emotional development: Infant rhesus monkeys reared in controllable versus uncontrollable environments. Child Dev 57:1241–1256.
OCR for page 135
--> Mittermeier, R., A. Rylands, and A. Coimbra-Filho. 1988. Systematics: Species and subspecies - an update. Pp. 13–75 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, vol. 2. R.A. Mittermeier, A. Rylands, A. Coimbra-Filho, and G. da Fonseca, eds. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund. Moberg, G.P. 1985. Biological response to stress: Key to assessment of animal well-being? Pp. 27–49 in Animal Stress. G.P. Moberg, ed. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society. Molzen, E.M., and J.A. French. 1989. The problem of foraging in captive callitrichid primates: Behavioral time budgets and foraging skills. Pp. 89–101 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Morgan, K.N., S.W. Line, and H. Markowitz. 1998. Zoos, enrichment, and the skeptical observer: The practical value of assessment. Pp. 153–171 in Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. Morgan, L., S. Howell, and J. Fritz. 1993. Reduction of regurgitation activity in a chimpanzee. Lab Animal 22(8):42–5. Morin, M.L. 1983. A different approach in examining a wasting syndrome. Lab Animal 12:36. Morin, P.A., J.J. Moore, and D.S. Woodruff. 1992. Identification of chimpanzee subspecies with DNA from hair and allele-specific probes. Proc R Soc Lond 249:293–297. Morin, P.A., J.J. Moore, R. Chakraborty, L. Jin, J. Goodall, and D.S. Woodruff. 1994. Kin selection, social structure, gene flow, and the evolution of chimpanzees. Science 265:1193–1201. Morton, D.B., and P.H.M. Griffiths. 1985. Guidelines on the recognition of pain, distress, and discomfort in experimental animals and an hypothesis for assessment. Vet Rec 116:431–436. Murchison, M.A. 1993. Potential animal hazard with ring toys. Lab Primate Newsltr 32:7. Murchison, M.A. 1994. Primary forage feeder for singly-caged macaques. Lab Primate Newsltr 33(1):7–8. Murchison, M.A. 1995. Forage feeder box for single animal cages. Lab Primate Newsltr 34(1):1–2. NIH (National Institutes of Health). 1991. Nonhuman Primate Management Plan. Bethesda, Md.: Office of Animal Care and Use. NRC (National Research Council). 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates. A report of the Board on Agriculture Committee on Animal Nutrition. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. (New edition expected 1999). NRC (National Research Council). 1991. Education and Training in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional Programs. A report of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Committee on Education in Laboratory Animal Science. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1992. Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. A report of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Committee on Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. A report of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Committee to Revise the Guide. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1997a. Occupational Health and Safety in Research Animal Facilities. A report of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Committee on Occupational Safety and Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1997b. Chimpanzees in Biomedical Research: Strategies for Their Ethical Care, Management, and Use . A report of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Committee on the Long-Term Care of Chimpanzees. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Nadler, R.D., A.C. Ferrer, and J. Erwin. 1989. Behavioral Well-being. Am J Primatol 18:157–158 (Abstract).
OCR for page 136
--> Nadler, R.D., J.G. Herndon, B. Metz, A.C. Ferrer, and J. Erwin. 1992. Environmental enrichment by varied feeding strategies for individually caged young chimpanzees. Pp. 137–145 in Chimpanzee Conservation and Public Health: Environments for the Future. J. Landon and J. Erwin, eds. Rockville Md.: Diagnon Bioqual. Napier, J.R., and P.H. Napier. 1967. A Handbook of Living Primates: Morphology, Ecology and Behavior of Nonhuman Primates. New York: Academic Press. Napier, J.R., and P.H. Napier. 1985. The Natural History of the Primates. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Neveu, H., and B. Deputte. 1996. Influence of availability of perches on the behavioral well-being of captive, group-living mangabeys. Am J Primatol 38(2):175–185. Novak, M.A. 1979. Social recovery of monkeys isolated for the first year of life: II. Long-term assessment. Develop Psychol 15:50–61. Novak, M.A., and K.H. Drewson. 1989. Enriching the lives of captive primates: Issues and problems. Pp. 161–189 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Novak, M.A., and S.J. Suomi. 1988. Psychological well-being of primates in captivity. Am Psychol 43:765–773. Novak, M.A., and S.J. Suomi. 1991. Social interaction in nonhuman primates: An underlying theme for primate research. Lab Anim Sci 41:308–314. Novak, M.A., A. Musante, H. Munroe, P.L. O'Neill, C. Price, and S.J. Suomi. 1993. Old socially housed rhesus monkeys show sustained interest in objects. Zoo Biol 12:285–298. Novak, M.A., J.H. Kinsey, M.J.J. Jorgensen, and T. J. Hazen. In press. The effects of puzzle feeders on pathological behavior in individually housed rhesus monkeys. Am J Primatol. OPRR (Office for Protection from Research Risks), National Institutes of Health. 1996. Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Rockville, Md.: National Institutes of Health. O'Neill, P.L., and C.S. Price. 1991. Customizing an enrichment program: Rhesus monkeys. Lab Animal 20(6):29–42. O'Neill, P.L., M.A. Novak, and S.J. Suomi. 1991. Normalizing laboratory-reared rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) behavior with exposure to complex outdoor enclosures. Zoo Biol 10:237–245. O'Neill-Wagner, P.L., A.C. Wright, and J.L. Weed. 1997. Curious response of three monkey species to mirrors. American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) Regional Conference Proceedings. Pp. 95–101. Paquette, D., and J. Prescott. 1988. Use of novel objects to enhance environments of captive chimpanzees. Zoo Biol 7:15–23 Petto, A.J., M.A. Novak, S.A. Fingold, and A.C. Walsh. 1989. The search for psychological well-being in captive nonhuman primates: information sources. Sci Technol Lib 10:101–127. Phillippi-Falkenstein, K., and M.R. Clarke. 1992. Procedure for training corral-living rhesus monkeys for fecal and blood-sample collection. Lab Anim Sci 42(1):83–85. Platt, D.M., and M.A. Novak. 1997. Video-stimulation as enrichment for captive rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Appl Anim Behav Sci 52:139–155. Platt, M.M., and R.L. Thompson. 1985. Mirror responses in a Japanese macaque troop (Arashiyama West). Primates 26:300–314. Pond, C.L., and H.G. Rush. 1983. Self-aggression in macaques: Five case studies. Primates 24(1):122–134. Pook, A.G., and G. Pook. 1982. Polyspecific associations between Saguinus fuscicollis, Saguinus labiatus, Callimico goeldii and other primates in north-western Bolivia. Folia Primatol 38:196–216. Poole, T.B 1990. Environmental enrichment for marmosets. Anim Technol 41(2):81–86.
OCR for page 137
--> Price, E.C., and W.C. McGrew. 1991. Departures from monogamy in colonies of captive cotton-top tamarins. Folia Primatol 57:16–27. Rasmussen, K.M., K.C. Hayes, and S. Thenen. 1982. Megaloblastic anemia and the requirement folic acid in the cebus monkey (Cebus albifrons ). Am J Primatol 2:87–97. Reinhardt, V. 1988. Preliminary comments on pairing unfamiliar adult male rhesus monkeys for the purpose of environmental enrichment. Lab Primate Newsltr 27(4):1–3. Reinhardt, V. 1989a. Behavioral responses of unrelated adult male rhesus monkeys familiarized and paired for the purpose of environmental enrichment. Am J Primatol 17:243–248. Reinhardt, V. 1989b. Alternatives to single caging of rhesus monkeys. Humane Innovations and Alternatives in Animal Experimentation: A Notebook. 3:123–125. Reinhardt, V. 1990a. Avoiding undue stress: Catching individual animals in groups of rhesus macaques. Lab Animal 19:52–53. Reinhardt, V. 1990b. Social enrichment for laboratory primates: A critical review. Lab Primate Newsltr 29(3):7–11. Reinhardt, V. 1991a. Group formation of previously single-caged adult rhesus macaques for the purpose of environmental enrichment. J Exper Anim Sci 34:110–115. Reinhardt, V. 1991b. Training adult male rhesus monkeys to actively cooperate during in-home cage venipuncture. Anim Technol 42:11–17. Reinhardt, V. 1992a. Transport-cage training of caged rhesus macaques. Anim Technol 43:57–62. Reinhardt, V. 1992b. Difficulty in training juvenile rhesus macaques to actively cooperate during venipuncture in the home cage. Lab Primate Newsltr 31(3):1–2. Reinhardt, V. 1993. Evaluation of an inexpensive custom-made food puzzle used as primary feeder for pair-housed rhesus macaques. Lab Primate Newsltr 32(3):7–8. Reinhardt, V. 1994a. Caged rhesus macaques voluntarily work for ordinary food. Primates 35:95–98. Reinhardt, V. 1994b. Continuous pair-housing of caged Macaca mulatta: Risk evaluation. Lab Primate Newsltr 33(1):1–4. Reinhardt, V. 1995. Restraint methods of laboratory non-human primates: a critical review. Anim Welfare 4:221–238. Reinhardt, V. 1997a. Training nonhuman primates to cooperate during blood collections: A review. Lab Primate Newsltr 36(4):1–4. Reinhardt, V. 1997b. The Wisconsin Gnawing Stick. AWIC (Animal Welfare Information Center) Newsltr 7(3–4):1–12. Reinhardt, V. 1997c. Lighting conditions for laboratory monkeys: Are they adequate? AWIC (Animal Welfare Information Center) Newsltr 8(2):3–6. Reinhardt, V. 1997d. Training nonhuman primates to cooperate during handling procedures: A review. Anim Technol 48(2):55–73. Reinhardt, V., and D. Cowley. 1992. In-home cage blood collection from conscious stumptailed macaques. Anim Welfare 1:249–255. Reinhardt, V., and S. Hurwitz. 1993. Evaluation of social enrichment for aged rhesus macaques. Anim Technol 44:53–57. Reinhardt, V., D. Cowley, and S. Eisele. 1991. Serum cortisol concentrations of single-housed and isosexually pair-housed adult rhesus macaques. J Exper Anim Sci 34:73–76. Reisen, A. H. 1971. Nissen's observation on the development of sexual behavioral in captive born, nursery-reared chimpanzees. P. 1 in The Chimpanzee. Bourne, ed. Karger, AG: Basel. Reite, M., R. Short, C. Seiter, and J.D. Pauley. 1981. Attachment, loss, and depression. J. Child Psychol Psychiatry Allied Discip 22:141–169. Reite, M., K. Kaemingle, and M. Boccia. 1989. Maternal separation in bonnet monkey infants: Altered attachment and social support. Child Dev 60:473–481. Rodman, P.S. 1988. Diversity and consistency in ecology and behavior. Pp. 31–51 in Orangutan Biology. J. H. Schwartz, ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
OCR for page 138
--> Rogers, C.M., and R.K. Davenport. 1970. Sexual behavior of differentially-reared chimpanzees. Recent Advances in Primatol 1:173–177. Rolland, R.M. 1991. A prescription for psychological well-being. Pp. 129–134 in Through the Looking Glass. Issues of Psychological Well-Being in Captive Nonhuman Primates. M.A. Novak and A.J. Petto, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Rose, R.M., I.S. Bernstein, and T.P. Gordon. 1975. Consequences of social conflict on plasma testosterone levels in rhesus monkeys . Psychosom Med 37:50–61. Ruehlman, T.E., I.S. Bernstein, T.P. Gordon, and P. Balcaen. 1988. Wounding patterns in three species of captive macaques. Am J Primatol 14:125–134. Rumbaugh, D.M. 1967. The learning and sensory capacities of the squirrel monkey in phylogenetic perspective. Pp. 255–317 in The Squirrel Monkey. L. Rosenblum and R. Cooper, eds. New York: Academic Press. Rumbaugh, D.M., D. Washburn and E.S. Savage-Rumbaugh. 1989. On the care of captive chimpanzees: Methods of enrichment. Pp. 357–375 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E.F. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Rylands, A., ed. 1993. Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Ecology, and Behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Sackett, G.P. 1991. The human model of psychological well-being in primates. Pp. 35–42 in Through the Looking Glass: Issues of Psychological Well-Being in Captive Nonhuman Primates. M. Novak and A. Petto, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Saltzman, W., S.A. Mendoza, and W.A. Mason. 1991. Sociophysiology of relationships in squirrel monkeys. I. Formation of female dyade. Physiol Behav 50:271–280. Savage, A., L.A. Dronzek, and C.T. Snowdon. 1987. Color discrimination by the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) and its relation to fruit coloration. Folia Primatol 49:57–69. Savage, A., L. Dronzek, and C.T. Snowdon. 1988. Color discrimination and its relation to the feeding ecology of the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) Folia Primatol 49:57–69. Savage-Rumbaugh, S., S. Shanker, and T. Taylor. 1988. Apes, Language, and the Human Mind. New York: Oxford University Press. Schilling, A. 1979. Olfactory communication in prosimians. Pp. 461–542 in The Study of Prosimian Behavior. G. Doyld, and R.D. Martin, eds. New York: Academic Press. Schilling, A. 1980. The possible role of urine in territoriality of some nocturnal prosimians. Symp Zool Soc London 45:165–193. Schilling, A., and M. Perret. 1987. Chemical signals and reproductive capacity in a male prosimian primate (Microcebus murinus). Chem Senses 12:143–158. Schilling, A., M. Perret, and J. Predine. 1984. Sexual inhibition in a prosimian primate: A pheromone-like effect. J Endocrinol 102:143–151. Schoenfeld, D. 1989. Effects of environmental impoverishment on the social behavior of marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Am J Primatol Suppl 1:45–51. Scott, L. 1989. Environmental enrichment for marmosets and rhesus monkeys. Pp. 26–31 in Laboratory Animal Welfare Research: Primates. Hertfordshire, England: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. Scullion, F.T. 1987. Husbandry, breeding and maintenance of a viable population of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus). Anim Technol 38:167–174. Segal, E.F. 1989. Housing, Care and Psychological Well-being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Sehgal, P.K., R.T. Bronson, P.S. Brady, K.W. McIntyre, and M.W. Elliot. 1980. Therapeutic efficacy of vitamin E and selenium in treating hemolytic anemia of owl monkeys (Aotus trivirgatus). Lab Anim Sci 30(1):92–98. Selye, H. 1974. Stress without Distress. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
OCR for page 139
--> Seyfarth, R.M., and D.L. Cheney. 1997. Some general features of vocal development in nonhuman primates. Pp. 249–273 in Social Influences on Vocal Development. C.T. Snowdon and M. Hausberger, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Shefferly, N., J. Fritz, and S. Howell. 1993. Toys as environmental enrichment for captive juvenile chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Lab Primate Newsltr 32(2):7–9. Shimoji M., C.L. Bowers, and C.M. Crockett. 1993. Initial response to introduction of a PVC perch by singly caged Macaca fascicularis . Lab Primate Newsltr 32(4)8–11. Shively, C.A., T.B. Clarkson, and J.R. Kaplan. 1989. Social deprivation and coronary artery artherosclerosis in female cynomolgus monkeys. Atherosclerosis 77(1):69–76. Shoemaker, A.H. 1979. Reproduction and development of the black howler monkey at Columbia Zoo Int Zoo Yearbook 19:150–155. Shoemaker, A.H. 1982. Fecundity in the captive howler monkey, Alouatta caraya. Zoo Biol 1:149–156. Smuts, B.B., D.L. Cheney, R.M. Seyfarth, R.W. Wrangham, and T.T. Struhsaker, eds. 1987. Primate Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Snowdon, C.T. 1996. Parental care in cooperatively breeding species. Pp. 643–689 in Parental Care: Evolution, Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. J.S. Rosenblatt and C.T. Snowdon, eds. San Diego: Academic Press. Snowdon, C.T., and A. Savage. 1989. Psychological well-being of captive primates: General considerations and examples from Callitrichids. Pp. 75–88 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E. Segal, ed. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. Snowdon, C.T., P. Sioni, and J. Terborgh. 1988. The tamarins, genus Saguinus, Vol 2. Pp. 223–298 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. R.A. Mittermeier, A.B. Rylands, A.F. Coimbra-Filho, and G.A.B. Fonseca, eds. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund. Soini, P. 1988. The pygmy marmoset, genus cebuella. Pp. 79–129 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. R.A. Mittermeier, ed. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund. Stevenson, M.F., and A.B. Rylands. 1988. The marmosets, genus callithrix . Pp. 131–222 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, R.A. Mittermeier, ed. Washington, D.C.: World Wildlife Fund. Stevenson-Hinde, J., and M. Zunz. 1978. Subjective assessment of individual rhesus monkeys. Primates 19:473–482. Stills, H.F., and B.C. Bullock. 1981. Renal disease in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Vet Pathol 18:38–44. Strier, K.B. 1987. Activity budgets of woolly spider monkeys or muriquis. Am J Primatol 13:385–395. Struhsaker, T.T. 1975. The Red Colobus Monkey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Suomi, S.J., and M.A. Novak. 1991. The role of individual differences in promoting psychological well-being in rhesus monkeys. Pp. 50–56 in Through the Looking Glass: Issues of Psychological Wellbeing in Captive Nonhuman Primates. M.A. Novak and A.J. Petto, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Susman, R.L. 1984. The pygmy chimpanzee: Evolutionary biology and behavior. New York: Plenum Press. Tardif, S.D., N.K. Clapp, M.A. Henke, R.L. Carson, and J.J. Knapka. 1988. Maintenance of cotton-top tamarins fed an experimental pelleted diet versus a highly diverse sweetened diet. Lab Anim Sci 5:588–591. Taylor, W.J., D.A. Brown, W.L. Davis, and M.L. Laudenslage. 1997a. Novelty influences use of play structures by a group of socially housed bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata). Lab Primate Newsltr 36(1):4–6. Taylor, W.J., D.A. Brown, J. Lucas-Awad, and M.L. Laudenslager. 1997b. Response to temporally distributed feeding schedules in a group of bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata). Lab Primate Newsltr 36(3):1–3.
OCR for page 140
--> Terborgh, J. 1983. Five New World Primates. A Study in Comparative Ecology. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Thompson, M.A., M.A. Bloomsmith, and L.L. Taylor. 1991. A canine companion for a nursing infant chimpanzee. Lab Primate Newsltr 40(2):1–4. Thompson-Handler, N., R.K. Malenky, and N. Badrian. 1984. Sexual Behavior of Pan paniscus under Natural Conditions in the Lomako Forest, Equateur, Zaire. Pp. 347–364 in The Pygmy Chimpanzee. R. Sussman, ed. New York: Plenum Press. Traylor-Holzer K., and P. Fritz. 1985. Utilization of space by adult and juvenile groups of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Zoo Biol 4:115–127. Turkkan, J.S., N.A. Ator, J.V. Brady, and K.A. Craven. 1989. Beyond chronic catheterization in laboratory primates. Pp. 305–322 in Housing, Care and Psychological Well-Being of Captive and Laboratory Primates. E.F. Segal, ed.. Park Ridge, N.J.: Noyes Publications. UFAW (Universities Federation for Animal Welfare). 1987. The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals, 6th ed. Pp. 551–567. Trevor B. Poole, ed. Great Britain: Longman Scientific and Technical. Vermeer, J. 1997. The formation of a captive squirrel monkey group. International Zoo News 44:146–149. Vertein, R., and V. Reinhardt. 1989. Training female rhesus monkeys to cooperate during in-home cage venipuncture. Lab Primate Newsltr 28:1–3. Visalberghi, E. 1988. Responsiveness to objects in two social groups of tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Am J Primatol 15:349–360. Wall, P.O. 1979. On the relation of injury to pain. Pain 6:253–264. Washburn, D.A., W.D. Hopkins, and D.M. Rumbaugh. 1991. Perceived control in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): Enhanced video task performance. J Exp Psychol 17(2):123–129. Washburn, D. A., and D. M. Rumbaugh. 1992. Investigations of rhesus monkey video task performance: Evidence for enrichment. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 31(5):6–10. Watson, D.S.B. 1991. A built-in perch for primate squeeze cages. Lab Anim Sci 41:378–379. Weller, R.E. 1994. Infectious and noninfectious diseases of owl monkeys. Pp. 178–215 in Aotus: The Owl Monkey. J.F. Baer, R.E. Weller, and I. Kokoma, eds. San Diego: Academic Press. Westergaard, G.C., and D.M. Fragaszy. 1987. The manufacture and use of tools by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). J. Comp Psychol 101:159–168. Westergaard, G.C., and S.J. Suomi. 1993. Use of a tool set by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Primates 34:459–462. Widowski, T.M., T.E. Ziegler, A.M. Elowson, and C.T. Snowdon. 1990. The role of males in stimulation of reproductive function in female cotton-top tamarins, Saguinus oedipus oedipus. Anim Behav 45:313–322. Widowski, T.M., T.A. Porter, T.E. Ziegler, and C.T. Snowdon. 1992. The stimulatory effect of males on the initiation but not the maintenance of ovarian cycling in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) Am J Primatol 26:97–108. Williams, L.E., and C.R. Abee. 1988. Aggression with mixed age-sex groups of Bolivian squirrel monkeys following single animal introductions and new group formations. Zoo Biol 7:139–145. Williams, L.E., and I.S. Bernstein. 1983. Introduction and dominance manipulations involving old rhesus males. Folia Primatol 40:175–180. Williams, L.E., and I.S. Bernstein. 1995. Study of Primate Social Behavior. Pp. 77–100 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Biology and Management, B.T. Bennett, C.R. Abee, and R. Henrickson, eds. New York: Academic Press. Williams, L.S. Gibson, M. McDaniel, J. Bazzell, S. Barnes, and C. Abee. 1994. Allomaternal interactions in the Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis). Am J Primatol 34:145–156.
OCR for page 141
--> Wolfle, T.L. 1985. Laboratory animal technicians: Their role in stress reduction and human-animal bonding. Vet Clinics N Am Small Anim Prac 15:449–454. Wolfle, T.L. 1987. Control of stress using non-drug approaches. J Am Vet Med Assoc 191:1219–1221. Yanagita, T. 1987. Prediction of drug abuse liability from animal studies . Pp. 189–198 in Methods of Assessing the Reinforcing Properties of Abused Drugs. M.A. Bozarth, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Yerkes, R.M. 1925. Almost Human. London: Jonathan Cope. Ziegler, T.E., A. Savage, G. Scheffler, and C.T. Snowdon. 1987. The endocrinology of puberty and reproductive functioning in female cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) under varying social conditions. Biol Reprod 37:618–627. Ziegler, T.E., T.M. Widowski, M.L. Larson, and C.T. Snowdon. 1990. Nursing does affect the duration of the postpartum to ovulation interval in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). J Reprod Fert 90:563–570.
OCR for page 142
This page in the original is blank.
Representative terms from entire chapter: