foraging, 2-3, 18, 20, 83, 150-151

  hair-plucking, 12

  huddling, 84

  idiosyncratic, 12

  lethargic, 39

  maladaptive, 1, 6, 11

  passive, 1, 11

  pathological, 1, 6, 11

  scent-marking, 24, 62, 74, 85-86

  threatening, 35-36, 49

  tongue-flicking, 74

Biocontainment, 48-49, 107

Biological samples, collecting, 122

Birth control, 108-109

Biting behaviors, 12, 17, 34, 36-37, 112

Bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata), 13-14

Brachiating locomotion, 23, 104-105

Breathing, altered, 1, 11, 13, 88

C

Cage companions

  guidelines for, 3

  introducing, 16

Cages.

  See also Housing;

  Sanitation

  biocontainment, 49

  design factors, 23-24, 106, 111-112, 117-118

  holding, 48

  interconnecting, 23

  reaching into, 51

  size of, 6, 23-24, 32

  squeeze, 112

  transfer, 37, 50, 88, 100

  two-tier, 70

Cage space, defining behaviorally, 24

Callithrix, 8

Callitrichids, 68-79

  cognition in, 77

  housing, 69-72

  nutrition for, 72-73

  and personnel, 77-78

  pheromone communication in, 38

  reproduction and development in, 42, 74-76

  social behavior in, 73-74

  veterinary care of, 78-79

Captive primates, 11, 13, 117

Capture procedures, 25, 65, 78, 88

Capuchin monkeys (Cebus), 8, 17, 37, 80-82, 84-85, 87

Cardiac response, excessive, 1, 11

Cardiomyopathy, 89

Caregivers. See Personnel

Catheterization, 51

Cebids, 80-89

  cognition in, 87

  housing, 83-84

  nutrition for, 83-85

  and personnel, 87-88

  reproduction and development in, 43, 86-87

  social behavior in, 85-86

  veterinary care of, 88-89

Cebus, 8, 80

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 46, 101-102

Cercopithecus aethiops, 8, 91

Change, 1, 11, 13, 14, 78

Chaos, organized, 17

Chasing behavior, 35

Chemical communication, 38, 42, 70, 86

Chewing behavior, 24

Chimpanzees (Pan), 8, 37, 42-43, 51, 102-106, 108-112, 153

Clothing

  distinctive, 41

  protective, 44, 48-49, 102

CMV, 156

Cognition, 110-111, 120

  in apes (hominoids), 110-111

  in callitrichids, 77

  in cebids, 87

  investigations of, 8

  in Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 98-99

  orienting activities to, 20

  in prosimians, 64

Colds, 112

Cold sores, 79

Colitis, 79

Colobine monkeys, 42, 91-92, 94-96

Colobus, 8, 91

Colony management, 2, 24, 116, 118, 147

Communication, 38, 42-43, 70, 86

Companionship. See Social companionship

Competition, 3, 35, 97

Computer tasks for primates, 22, 110-111, 120

Coping effectively, 1-2, 11

Copraphagy, 17, 73, 108, 153

Corrals, cleaning, 33, 38

Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis), 8

Cross-species fostering, 117



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