D

Daily care, 11, 21, 38-39, 112, 153

Data collection, using cooperative methods, 45

Debilitation, 152

Dehydration, 88

Dental modification, 36

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 113

Development factors. See Reproduction and development

Diarrhea, 65-66, 78

Direct eye contact. See Staring

Discomfort, minimizing, 47

Disease transmission, 22, 35, 44, 48-49.

  See also individual disease agents

Distress

  anticipatory, 20

  chronic, 1-2, 6, 11

  dealing with, 121

  signs of, 6

Distress vocalizations, 1, 11, 13, 78

Disturbance, dealing with, 121

Documentation, 2, 25-26, 28, 122, 148, 153

Duke University Primate Center, 57-67

Dull eyes, 78

E

Ebola-related filovirus infection guidelines, 46

Ebola-Reston virus, 101

End-point criteria, 153

Engineering standards, versus performance standards, 5-6

Enhancement program, implementing, 43-44

Enrichment, 6, 20-22.

  See also Environment

  guidelines for, 3

  mode of presentation, 22

  novel foods as, 40, 149

  plans, 27-30, 145-155

  during quarantine, 102

Entamoeba histolytica, 156

Environment

  enriching, 10, 20-22, 28-29, 35, 71, 119-120

  influence on mental state, 1

Environmental disruptions. See Change

Environmental Enhancement Plan, 153

Environmental stimuli, 11-12, 14, 20, 33-34

Escaped animals, 44

Euthanasia, 35, 153

''Exemption from Social Housing" form, 152

Experimental protocols. See Research protocols

Exploration behavior, 2

Eye contact. See Staring

Eye-poking behavior, 12, 17

F

Face shields, 44

Facial expressions, 1, 11, 13, 49

Falls, protecting against, 59, 83

Favored activities, 20

Fear, 13

Feeding, 22, 39-40, 73, 88-89

  changes in, 36

  extending time for, 107

  frequency of, 22

Fighting behavior, 17, 33, 121

Filovirus, threat of, 102

Food

  as enrichment, 40, 149

  ensuring animals receive daily ration, 21

  hiding, 20

  masking taste of medicine with, 100, 112

  novel, 40

  snacks, 79

  treats, 20, 22, 106-107, 151, 153

Foraging behavior, 2-3, 18, 20, 83, 150-151

Foraging puzzles, 20-22, 64, 106, 150

Force, using minimal, 44, 65

Foster parenting, cross-species, 117

G

Galagos, 7, 42, 56, 59-61, 63-64, 67

Geladas, 92, 96

Gibbons, 8, 42, 103-104, 110, 112

Glomerulonephritis, chronic, 89

Gloves, 44

Goeldi's monkeys, 69, 72-74

Gorillas, 8, 103-105, 107, 109-110

Green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops), 8, 92, 102

Grimacing, 13

Grooming, 19-20

Group attacks, 17

Group housing, 3-4, 22-24, 35-38, 118

Groups

  forming, 17, 64, 119.

  See also Cage companions



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