Chromosomes

   Drosophila polymorphism, 251-252, 283

   Drosophila polytene, 299-300, 307, 310

   mapping, 252

   telomerase, 34

Chroococcaceans

   fossil-modern comparisons, 49-50, 52

   ranges of growth/survivability, 53-55

Classification systems

   cenancestor in, obstacles to, 20-22

   cyanobacteria, 44, 49

   domains in, 14-15, 16

   prokaryote-eukaryote-archaebacteria, 6-7, 11, 14-16

Cnidarians, 89-90

Coalescence theory, 196-197, 206

Codons

   in chloroplast, 220, 229

   concomitantly variable. See Covarions

   in molecular clock, 243-244

Color vision, 205-206

Comparative sequence analysis, 230, 231

Competition, as extinction factor, 111-112, 117-118

Complexity

   body plan, cell-type number and, 92-93

   Cambrian metazoa, 92

   forcing mechanisms in, 92, 93

   morphological diversity and, 86

   Precambrian worms, 99

Covarions

   in molecular clockwork, 243, 246, 248

   in SOD simulation, 236-237, 240, 243

   theory of, 235-236

Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction, 110, 114-115, 118-119, 121

Cyanobacteria, 9

   classification, 6

   ecological distribution, 53

   hypobradytelic evolution in, 47-53, 57

   living vs. fossil morphology, 44, 47-50, 48, 57

   paleoenvironment, 50-52

   Precambrian evolution, 42, 57-58

   Precambrian fossil record, 43, 44-46

   ranges of growth/survivability, 53-56

   reproduction, 53

   specialization and survivability, 53, 56

   tempo of evolution, 43-44

Cytoskeletal proteins, 16

D

Darwin, Charles, iii-iv, 125

   on extinction, 109-111, 117-118, 137

   Lyell and, 126

   uniformitarianism in thought of, 126-127, 137

Deuterostomes, 95, 96

Dinosaurs

   fossil record, 113

   species susceptibility in extinction, 120

   taxonomic selectivity in extinction of, 118

Diplomonads, 19

Discontinuous variation, iv

Diversity peaks

   acritarch, 74-76, 77-79

   Cambrian explosion, 85, 87-91, 93, 99, 102-103

   Middle Cambrian body plans, 91

   Proterozoic protistans, 77-78, 79, 80

DNA

   Drosophila, extraction and sequencing of, 289-290

   Drosophila polymorphism, patterns of, 251, 283

   in Drosophila polytene, 300



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement