in October 1996 by Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. His earlier publications include Heartland of Cities: Surveys of Ancient Settlement and Land Use on the Central Floodplain of the Euphrates (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1981) and The Evolution of Urban Society: Early Mesopotamia and Pre-hispanic Mexico (Aldine Publishing Company, Chicago, Illinois, 1966).
MARTHA E. CHURCH came to Hood College in 1975 as its first woman president. A graduate of Wellesley College, she earned her M.A. degree from the University of Pittsburgh and her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. She is also the recipient of nine honorary degrees. She retired as Hood's president on June 30, 1995, and assumed a part-time appointment as senior scholar at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching on July 1, 1995.
In recognition of her career as a geographer and successful college administrator, she was elected in the spring of 1989 to the Board of Trustees of the National Geographic Society and also to the Board of Trustees of the society's Education Foundation. She chairs the society's Audit Review Committee and serves on its Executive, Compensation, and Nominating committees.
WILLIAM A.V. CLARK is professor of geography and chair of the Department of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. He received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of New Zealand and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana. He also has a D.Sc. degree from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and the Doctorem Honoris Causa from the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. His research interests include analyses of migration and residential mobility and the nature of demographic change in large cities. He is a member of the Association of American Geographers, the Population Association of America, and the New Zealand Geographical Society.
ANTHONY R. DE SOUZA is currently professor of geography at Southwest Texas State University. Previously, he was executive director of the Geography Education Standards Project, secretary general of the 27th International Geographical Union Congress, editor of National Geographic Research & Exploration, and Editor of the Journal of Geography. He has also held positions as professor and visiting professor of geography at the George Washington University, the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, the University of Minnesota, the University of California-Berkeley, and the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. He obtained his B.A. and Ph.D. in geography from the University of Reading, England, and has received numerous honors and awards, including the Gilbert Grosvenor Honors for Geographic Education of the Association of American Geographers in 1996. His teaching and research interests include geography education and regional economic development.