further government support. The industrial partner in each CCT project is required to contribute at least 50 percent of the total cost, indicating the extent of their commitment to develop a technology with a real commercial potential. The patent rights for inventions developed during the demonstration program are normally granted to the industrial participant, thereby preserving the incentives for subsequent commercialization. Five competitive solicitation cycles (CCT Rounds I through V) have been conducted, resulting in 45 active demonstration projects encompassing total public and private investments of $6.9 billion, of which DOE is providing $2.4 billion (34 percent) and private and other sources are providing $4.5 billion (66 percent). Currently authorized funding by solicitation round for the CCT program is given in Chapter 1. From CCT Round III onward, industrial program participants have been required to commercialize technologies in the United States on a best-effort, nondiscriminatory basis, although they cannot be forced to license technologies to their competitors. A summary of CCT activities is provided in Table 8-1. Additional information on demonstration projects in the CCT program is provided in Appendix E.
DOE's technology goals for the Advanced Power System demonstration projects were given earlier in Chapter 7 (Tables 7-1, 7-2, and 7-4). Many of the technologies being demonstrated in the CCT program are the same as those being targeted in the FE R&D program. As a result, a number of the CCT demonstrations are also being considered demonstrations under the FE R&D program, notably, first- and second-generation PFBC, first- and second-generation IGCC, IGFC, and mild gasification technology demonstrations. Of the 45 active CCT demonstration projects, 18 are scheduled for completion, 11 will be in operation, and the remaining 16 were in design and construction by the end of FY 1994.