TABLE 9-2 Advanced Research Budgets for FY 1994 and FY 1995 (millions of current dollars)

Area

FY 1994 (enacted)

FY 1995 (requested)

AR&TD

Coal Utilization Science

3.1

3.1

Materials

8.9

6.9

Components

1.7

0.9

Bioprocessing of Coal

1.9

1.9

University and National Laboratory

Coal Research plus University

Coal Research

5.0

5.0

HBCUs,a Education, and Training

1.0

1.0

Instrumentation and Diagnostics

1.0

1.0

Subtotal (AR&TD)

22.6

19.8

AR&ET

Advanced Clean Fuels Research

Coal Liquefaction

5.2

0.8

Advanced Clean/Efficient Power Systems

Combustion Systems

0.5

0.4

Control Technology and Coal Preparation

1.1

1.0

Surface Coal Gasification

0.5

0.4

Subtotal (AR&ET)

7.3

2.6

TOTAL

29.9

22.4

a Historically black colleges and universities.

Source: DOE ( 1994c).

THE ROLE OF ADVANCED RESEARCH

DOE Perspective

A perspective on the mission, vision, and goals of the FE advanced research activities is provided in a recent document from DOE (1994b). The role of advanced research within the FE program is "to stimulate, nurture, and advance critical enabling science and technologies for fossil energy systems." A series of advanced research goals, strategies, and success indicators have been selected to support relevant DOE business lines and the core Office of FE business lines of clean fuel systems and clean/efficient power systems (see Chapter 2) and to directly reflect customer and stakeholder expectations. The goals are as follows:

  1. Provide the core competencies in the critical enabling science and technologies that enable the Office of FE business lines to succeed in their missions.
  2. Through feasibility testing, identify and nurture innovative concepts for advancing the technology and removing barriers to achieving the Office of FE's business line goals.


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