this area for DOE activities. Similarly, if there is currently extensive R&D activity in the private sector, the committee recommended that DOE leverage this effort.

The committee concluded that DOE has responded to some degree to all the sections of EPACT addressed in the study. However, the extent of the response varies widely. In the case of power generation systems, addressed primarily in EPACT Section 1301, the DOE Advanced Clean/Efficient Power Systems program is very responsive to the EPACT requirements to "ensure a reliable electricity supply" while complying with environmental regulations and controlling emissions (see Chapter 7). The committee endorses DOE's approach to the development of advanced coal-based power generation technologies, given the likely need for new, clean, efficient coal-based power generation capacity in the mid to long-term (2006 through 2040). The committee's recommendations for priorities in developing the possible technology options are presented earlier in this chapter (under "Power Generation Systems").

The need to commercialize coal-based technologies, preferably by 2010, is addressed in EPACT sections 1301 and 1321. The committee concluded that DOE's CCT program represents an excellent start in the area of commercializing advanced power generation technologies, but, as noted above, plans need to be developed by DOE for activities beyond the conclusion of current CCT activities.

In contrast to DOE's generally adequate response to the sections of EPACT addressing power generation, its activities in coal liquefaction fall short of EPACT requirements, the committee concluded. As noted in Chapters 6 and 9, there was a significant reduction in funding of coal liquefaction activities between FY 1993 and FY 1994, and a significant further reduction is proposed for FY 1995. Given the likely growth in demand for coal liquids over the mid- to long-term periods (see Chapter 4) and the decline in industry-supported liquefaction research, the priority that EPACT gives to DOE liquefaction activities appears to be well founded.

Coproduction of electricity and other products, such as coal liquids, also is accorded relatively high importance by EPACT (sections 1304, 1305, and 1312), but it does not represent a major element of DOE's current program. Given the likely future growth in the use of coal for clean fuels and specialty products and the potential for economically attractive manufacture based on coproduction (see Chapter 6), the committee considers increased DOE effort in assessing coproduct systems or "coal refineries," in keeping with EPACT requirements, to be appropriate.

EPACT Section 1307 requires DOE to assess the feasibility of establishing a national clearinghouse for the exchange and dissemination of information on coal-related technology. The committee noted that means already exist to disseminate DOE reports on coal technologies to interested parties. Thus, any clearinghouse activity should be broader in scope and should involve participants from inside and outside DOE. However, the committee considered that the need



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