TABLE 10-4 EPACT Requirements and DOE Coal Program Compareda

EPACT Requirements

Key Features of DOE Program Activities

Committee Rating and Comments

TITLE XIII—COAL

Subtitle A—Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application

Section 1301: Coal Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application Programs

• Conduct RDD&C programs on coal-based technologies to:

  • -  

    ensure reliable electricity supply

  • -  

    comply with environmental regulations

  • -  

    control emissions

  • -  

    achieve cost-competitive conversion of coal to transportation fuels

  • -  

    demonstrate conversion of coal to synthetic fuels

  • -  

    ensure timely commercial application of coal technologies with improved efficiency and emissions control

  • -  

    ensure availability of technologies for commercial use by 2010

• Advanced clean/efficient power systems:

  • -  

    advanced pulverized coal-fired power plant, including low-emission boiler systems

  • -  

    indirect-fired cycle

  • -  

    integrated gasification combined-cycle

  • -  

    pressurized fluidized-bed

  • -  

    advanced research and environmental technology (AR&ET), including hot gas and flue gas cleanup

  • -  

    magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)

High priority for DOE—adequate level of effort (see text for discussion and priorities)

See below, also under Section 1301, Advanced Research, for comments on AR&ET.

See Section 1311 for comments on MHD program.

 

• Advanced clean fuels (see also Section 1312):

  • -  

    direct liquefaction

  • -  

    indirect liquefaction

  • -  

    coal preparation

  • -  

    AR&ET

High priority for DOE—additional effort recommended

• Focused program on high-efficiency gasification needed

• Increased emphasis on liquefaction recommended (see Section 1312)

• Continue current limited effort in coal preparation.

 

• Advanced research (Advanced Research and Technology Demonstration, plus specific technologies for fuels and power systems), with major activities including:

  • -  

    coal utilization science

  • -  

    materials and components

  • -  

    university/national laboratory coal research

  • -  

    coal liquefaction

High priority for DOE—additional effort recommended

• The balance between short- and long- term activities within the FE coal R&D program should be reassessed, based on strategic planning extending beyond 2010. (See text for discussion.)



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement