governments of EU member nations. Clean coal technologies supported by THERMIE include transport fuels from coal, NOx emission controls, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion (AFBC), pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC), gasification, and an integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant (Commission of the European Communities, 1992).


The remaining chapters in Part I of this report elaborate on issues and findings central to the committee's formulation of a strategic planning framework. Chapter 2 provides an overview of current DOE coal-related programs and planning, highlighting the current program structure and recent budget trends. Chapter 3 discusses principal issues for future U.S. coal use, including potential markets, the requirements for coal use, the domestic energy resource base, and competing energy sources for various applications. Special attention is given to environmental requirements and the institutional factors that will shape the future of coal technologies. The findings presented in Chapters 2 and 3 were used by the committee to develop a framework for DOE strategic planning, a framework summarized in Chapter 4. This framework provides the basis for a more detailed assessment of DOE programs and planning.

Part II of the report (chapters 5-9) provides more detailed evaluations of current DOE programs with respect to the strategic planning criteria. Chapters 5 through 7 follow the fuel cycle, with Chapter 5 addressing coal preparation, coal-liquid mixtures, and coalbed methane recovery: Chapter 6 addresses coal conversion to clean fuels and specialty products, and Chapter 7 covers electric power generation. Chapter 8, on technology demonstration and commercialization, and Chapter 9, on advanced research programs, describe a variety of cross-cutting activities within DOE's coal program. In all cases the discussions focus on the main technical issues, including both risks and opportunities, that must be considered in developing a coal program.

In the final section of the report, Part III, the information in parts I and II is synthesized to develop conclusions and recommendations on the strategic priorities for DOE's RDD&C programs on coal-related technologies and to address other provisions of the committee's charge related to EPACT (Chapter 10). Appendixes provide additional background in support of the committee's work. A glossary provides explanations of the acronyms used and of major technical and economic conventions the committee adopted.


Commission of the European Communities. 1992. Coal Can Be Green—A Review of Coal Technologies Supported by the European Community. Brussels: Directorate-General for Energy (DG XVII).

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