C

California. See San Francisco Bay/San Joaquin Delta

Cattle grazing, 36

Chaotic state, 20-21, 40-41

Chemical pollution, 83, 103

Chesapeake Bay, 48

Chlorofluorocarbons, 69

Coevolution, 19-24

Collaboration, ecology-engineering

   to convince others, 4

   current practice, 2, 97-98, 111

   design of development projects, 144-145

   goals for, 67-68

   need for, 1-2, 105-106, 185

   obstacles to, 6, 73

   oil development in rain forest, 144-157

   opportunities for, 134-135

   political context, 132-134

   receptivity of students, 130-131, 134

   science education and, 75-76

   science policy and, 74-75

   as scientific enterprise, 73

   successful development projects, 143

   systems analysis, 131-132, 134-135

   See also Ecological engineering

Command-and-control systems, 91

Commons model, 50, 65

Communications systems, 70

Compartmental analysis, 84

Complex systems, 4

   automation in, 67

   coevolutionary processes, 20-21

   energy organization in, 83-85

   human comprehension, 50, 52-53

   natural regulation, 7

   policymaking in, 73-74

   problem-solving in, 70

   quantification of interconnections in, 84-85

   revenge theory, 71-72

   substitutions/replacements in, 17, 71-72

   transportation systems as, 70-71

   values implicit in study of, 48

Consumer behavior, 9

Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, 6, 111, 193-194

   resource management philosophy, 187-189

D

Darns, 3

Description, scientific, 47-48

Design for environment, 4

Design process

   ecological consideration in, 1-2, 111

   ecological vs. engineering approach, 130

   ecologically sensitive development projects, 143-144

   economic conceptualizations, 133, 136 n.7

   environmentally harmful outcomes, 2

   environmentally sensitive engineering, 68

   Niobrara River engineering, 184

   oil development project, 148-157

   precautionary practice, 5-6

   problem definition, 2-4

   uncertainty in, 5, 6

Developing world, 67

Differences between ecology and engineering

   conceptualizations of sustainability, 129-130

   expectations, 6

   perception of system resilience, 32-34

   problem definition, 105

E

Earth Summit (1992), 98-99

Earthquakes, 8

Ecological constraints on engineering

   definition of design success, 2-4

   ethical consideration, 66, 67, 194-195

   indications for, 1-2

   modeling, 4

   principles for, 66-68

   in transportation engineering, 68-70



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