GARY C. HUFBAUER, Chairman, is the Reginald Jones Senior Fellow at the Institute for International Economics (IIE). Prior to his position with the IIE, he was the Marcus Wallenberg Professor of International Financial Diplomacy at Georgetown University. From 1977 to 1980, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the U.S. Treasury where he was responsible for trade and investment policy during the Tokyo Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Previously, he was Director of the International Tax Staff at the U.S. Treasury. He has published numerous books and articles on international trade, finance, and tax policy.
DENNIS CHAMOT is an Associate Executive Director with the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. From 1969 until 1973 he was with E.I. DuPont de Nemours as a research chemist. In 1974 he became Assistant to the Executive Secretary, Council of AFL-CIO Unions for Professional Employees. The AFL-CIO's Department for Professional Employees was chartered in 1977, at which time he was appointed Assistant Director. He became Associate Director in 1984. He was appointed Executive Assistant to the President in 1990. He has served as an active member of numerous panels and committees; currently serves as a member of the Advisory Committee of the Council on Competitiveness' study of a strategic assessment of national technological priorities; and is a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Review of IRS Information Systems Modernization.
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--> Appendix C Biographical Information on Committee and Staff Committee Members GARY C. HUFBAUER, Chairman, is the Reginald Jones Senior Fellow at the Institute for International Economics (IIE). Prior to his position with the IIE, he was the Marcus Wallenberg Professor of International Financial Diplomacy at Georgetown University. From 1977 to 1980, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the U.S. Treasury where he was responsible for trade and investment policy during the Tokyo Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Previously, he was Director of the International Tax Staff at the U.S. Treasury. He has published numerous books and articles on international trade, finance, and tax policy. DENNIS CHAMOT is an Associate Executive Director with the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. From 1969 until 1973 he was with E.I. DuPont de Nemours as a research chemist. In 1974 he became Assistant to the Executive Secretary, Council of AFL-CIO Unions for Professional Employees. The AFL-CIO's Department for Professional Employees was chartered in 1977, at which time he was appointed Assistant Director. He became Associate Director in 1984. He was appointed Executive Assistant to the President in 1990. He has served as an active member of numerous panels and committees; currently serves as a member of the Advisory Committee of the Council on Competitiveness' study of a strategic assessment of national technological priorities; and is a member of the National Research Council's Committee on Review of IRS Information Systems Modernization.
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--> LEONARD FRIER is President of MET Laboratories, Inc., the first licensed Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory in the United States. He is the founder and former President of MET Electrical Testing Company, Inc. He is a founding and charter member of the National Electrical Testing Association and member of American National Standards Institute (ANSI), American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM), American Council of Independent Laboratories, and Telephone Industry Association. He is also Chairman of the American National Standards Institute's Z34 Committee of Certification and member of the ANSI Certification Committee. STEVEN R. HIX is chairman and CEO of Sarif, Inc., Vancouver, Washington. Prior to founding the company, Hix was a cofounder of In Focus Systems, a manufacturer of flat panel displays. Hix was a cofounder of Planar Systems, Inc., where he held senior management positions from 1983 to 1986. Prior to 1983, Hix held management positions at Sigma Research, Inc., Tektronix, Inc., and Watkins Johnson Corporation. He also served for 21 years with the United States Navy, including 10 years as a project design engineer for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. IVOR N. KNIGHT is President, Knight Communications Consultants, Clarksburg, Maryland. Prior to 1994, he was Vice President, Business Technology and Standards, for COMSAT World Systems, where he was involved with a broad range of communications satellite technology development and business activities. He is a founding member of the ANSI Accredited Standards Committee T1—Telecommunications, and the immediate past Chairman of that organization. He is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' Standards Board, a Trustee of the Pacific Telecommunications Council, and the Chairman of the International Telecommunications Union Intersector Coordination Group on all Satellite Matters. He also serves in an advisory capacity to government and industry on international meetings and conferences dealing with telecommunications, trade, and technology. DAVID C. MOWERY is Associate Professor of Business and Public Policy in the Walter A. Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley. He has also taught at Carnegie-Mellon University. His research deals with the economics of technological innovation and with the effects of public policies on innovation. He has served on several National Research Council panels. In 1988, he served in the Office of the United States Trade Representative as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow. He has also testified before congressional committees and has consulted with various federal agencies and industrial firms. His publications include Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth; Alliance Politics and Economics: Multinational Joint Ventures in Commercial Aircraft; Technology and Employment: Innovation and Growth in the U.S. Economy; The Impact of Technology Change on Employment
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--> and Economic Growth; and International Collaborative Ventures in U.S. Manufacturing. MICHAEL M. O'MARA is Business Leader of GE Plastics' Cycolac Business and former director of research and development at General Electric's (GE's) Corporate Research facility in Schenectady, New York. His activities range from research on materials such as diamonds, composites, and new polymers to bioremediation of waste to medical imaging. He was employed by the chemical division of BF Goodrich from 1968 until 1988. He resigned as a senior vice-president of Goodrich's Geon Vinyl Division to join GE. While at Goodrich, he was a manager of the thermoplastic polyurethane business from 1978 to 1981, and vice-president of research and development of the chemical division from 1981 to 1984. In addition to his membership in ASTM, he is a member of the American Chemical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the advisory board of the Journal of Applied Polymer Science, and the Expert Panel of the Hazards of MSW Recycling (Plastics). He was a former member of the Board of Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Programs and formerly chairman of the following: Society of the Plastics Industry's (SPI) Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety; Oversight Panel, Center for Fire Research (NIST); and the first chairman of the Technical Committee of the Vinyl Institute (SPI). GERALD H. RITTERBUSCH is Manager of Product Safety and Environmental Control for Caterpillar Inc., Peoria, Ill. He is responsible for the product safety and environmental regulations involvement of Caterpillar staff with governments worldwide. He serves in a number of standards development organizations such as the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and American Society of Mechanical Engineers and, as Chairman of the SAE Technical Standards Board International Harmonization Committee and Chairman of the SAE Performance Review Board. He is vice-chairman of the ANSI Company Member Council Executive Committee, Chairman of the International Standards Organization Technical Committee 127—Earthmoving Machinery. He is also active in the industry trade association, previously serving as Chairman of the Technical Council of the Equipment Manufacturers Institute. RICHARD J. SCHULTE was appointed Senior Vice President, Laboratories of the American Gas Association (AGA) in 1992. In this position he has direct responsibility for the successful operation of AGA gas appliance certification and research programs and for administrative support of three national standards committees accredited by the American National Standards Institute. Since 1985, he has served on the board of directors of ANSI. He is currently chairman of an ANSI panel studying improvements in the voluntary standardization procedures used by all U.S. industry. In August 1990, he was honored by the Association
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--> of Home Appliance Manufacturers for his outstanding efforts to harmonize gas appliance standards on a global basis. He was named AGA's Marketing Executive of the Year in 1991 for his achievements and contributions to AGA's product certification and research programs. SUSAN C. SCHWAB is Director of Motorola, Inc.'s Corporate Business Development Office at their corporate headquarters in Schaumburg, Illinois. Prior to joining Motorola she was Assistant Secretary and Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service at the Department of Commerce (DoC) in Washington, D.C. from 1989 to 1993. Prior to going to the DoC she was Legislative Assistant, Chief Economist, and Legislative Director to Senator John Danforth from 1981 to 1989. She previously held the position of trade policy officer at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo and, prior to that, was an international economist at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. MICHAEL B. SMITH is President, SJS Advanced Strategies, Washington, D.C. From 1983 to 1988 he was Senior Deputy U.S. Trade Representative with rank of Ambassador at the Office of the United States Trade Representative. Prior to that position he was U.S. Ambassador to the GATT and Deputy United States Trade Representative from 1979 to 1983. In previous positions he was Chief Textile Negotiator of the United States with rank of Ambassador, Office of the United States Trade Representative (1975-1979); Chief of Fibers and Textiles Division, Economic Bureau, U.S. Department of State (1974-1975); Deputy Chief of Fibers and Textiles Division (1973-1974); and Staff Assistant to the President of the United States (1971-1973); and has held many U.S. Foreign Service positions. He is a founding member of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council and member of the Atlantic Council. LAWRENCE L. WILLS is IBM Director of Standards with the IBM Corporation. At IBM he is responsible for programs covering products and operations related to standards, and he directs IBM's participation in and relations with external standards organizations throughout the world. Mr. Wills serves on the U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy, the Board of the U.S. Telecommunications Training Institute, and the Board of Directors of the Information Industry Association. He is Chairman of ANSI's Board of Directors and is Chairman of the International Advisory Committee and the Board of Trustees of the International Fund. Professional Staff JOHN S. WILSON is Project Director and Senior Staff Officer at the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering and National Research Council. He is also a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for International Economics (IIE) in 1995. His duties at the NRC include serving as a senior staff officer for the
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--> Policy Division, where he is responsible for research and analysis of U.S. and international economic and technology policies. From 1989 to 1992, Mr. Wilson served as Project Director for the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering study of the government's role in civilian technology. Mr. Wilson has also held positions with the congressional Office of Technology Assessment. He was on the staff of the Public Affairs Division of Pfizer, Inc., served as Assistant to the President on the Committee for Economic Development, and Adjunct Professor of International Affairs at Georgetown University (1993-1994). He contributed to the work of the President's Commission on Setting a National Agenda for the Eighties and the President's Commission on Industrial Competitiveness. He is the author of numerous papers and reports on technology, trade, and economic policy issues. JOHN M. GODFREY is Research Associate with the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council. Before joining the staff of the Academy in 1993, Mr. Godfrey was a science policy analyst in the Arlington, Virginia offices of SRI International, a not-for-profit research institute based in Menlo Park, California. His research interests and activities at SRI included comparative international science and technology policy, quantitative analysis of R&D expenditures and manpower, and assessment of programs for international scientific cooperation. His publications as author or coauthor include Institutional Linkages Between U.S. and Foreign Universities and Research Centers: A Report to the National Science Foundation, "NAFTA and the Mexican Energy Sector," and R&D Expenditures of Selected Industrialized Nations (report and data on diskette to the National Science Foundation). PATRICK P. SEVCIK is Project Assistant with the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) of the National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council (NRC). He works on several projects as an assistant to John Wilson, Senior Staff Officer at STEP, one of which is the International Standards, Conformity Assessment, and U.S. Trade Policy Project overseen by the STEP Board. Prior to his work at the NRC, Mr. Sevcik was an Assistant Program Officer with the International Republican Institute from 1990 to 1993. In this capacity he specialized in working with democratically aligned groups in Central and Eastern Europe and assisting these groups in the promotion of democratic ideals and free and fair elections. He has worked extensively in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and the Republic of Slovakia. He has also held positions at the White House in the Office of Political Affairs (1989-1990) and on Capitol Hill (1987-1988) in the Office of Representative John DioGuardi (R-NY).
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