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make reference to consensus standards in whole or in part. This process has the effect of making many voluntary consensus standards, in effect, mandatory.

The Department of Defense and the General Services Administration (GSA), with 38,000 and 6,000 procurement standards, respectively, represent the bulk of federal standards development. The remaining 8,500 standards, mainly technical regulations, are produced by a wide range of departments and agencies (see Table 2-3). Regulatory standards center on the protection of public health and safety. Examples include regulations set by the Food and Drug Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), and Federal Aviation Administration, among other agencies. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates products and processes



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