State, Department of

U.S. National Committee for the International Telecommunications Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector

Transportation, Department of

Federal Aviation Administration

Federal Highway Administration

Maritime Administration

National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration

Research and Special Programs Administration

Standards Division

United States Coast Guard

Marine Safety, Security, and Environmental Protection

Auxiliary, Boating, and Consumer Affairs Division

Treasury, Department of

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms

National Laboratory Center

Internal Revenue Service

Standards and Data Administration

U.S. Customs Service

Commercial Operations

Research Division - Laboratories and Scientific Services

Veterans Affairs, Department of

Acquisition and Material Management


SOURCE: Toth, Robert B. Standards Activities of Organizations in the United States. NIST Special Publication 806. U.S. Department of Commerce. Gaithersburg, Md.: NIST, 1991.

that affect the environment. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) sets telecommunications equipment standards to ensure compatibility and to protect the security and integrity of the public communications network. The Department of Agriculture produces standards both to promote food safety and to ensure accurate grading and marketing of agricultural products. The Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology, among other standards-related activities, develops and maintains standards for physical measurement, known as reference standards.77

Standards-writing activities of state and local governments are less easily identified than those of the federal government. These levels of government are very active in the areas of product certification and laboratory accreditation. Such programs, however, largely make assessments against standards originally written by other authorities—for example, private building codes organizations for construction standards and the NFPA's ANSI-approved National Electrical Code.78 (The automobile emissions standards written by the State of California are a well-known exception.) The impact of state and local standards-related activities, as discussed in Chapter 3, is reflected primarily in conformity assessment rather than in standards development. In a recent pilot project performed by NIST's National Center for Standards and Certification Information, for example, the official gazettes of California, Texas, and New Mexico were monitored for announcements of new standards development activity that might affect trade

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