California. JoAnne Overman, Director, National Center for Standards and Certification Information, National Institute for Standards and Technology, personal communication, June 7, 1994.

80.  

Breitenberg, The ABC's of Standards-Related Activities in the United States.

81.  

NIST, NIST Budget Summary, August 30, 1994.

82.  

Based on estimates provided by John Donaldson, Director, Standards Code and Information Program, Office of Standards Services, NIST.

83.  

U.S. Department of Commerce, Memorandum, Third Triennial Report to the Office of Management and Budget on the Implementation of OMB Circular A-119, p. 15.

84.  

James E. Rountree, Directory of DoC Staff Memberships on Outside Standards Committees, 3-6.

85.  

Unpublished data provided by JoAnne Overman, Director, National Center for Standards and Certification Information, NIST, 1994.

86.  

The Office of Standards Services, brochure published by NIST, n.d.

87.  

JoAnne Overman, GATT Standards Code Activities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 1992, 3-4; and JoAnne Overman, personal communication, June 7, 1994.

88.  

Information provided by NIST, Office of Standards Services staff, May and June, 1994.

89.  

Office of Management and Budget, Circular No. A-119, 1982.

90.  

OMB, Circular No. A-119, Revised, in Federal Register, October 26, 1993, p. 57644.

91.  

OMB, Circular A-119, Revised, paragraph 7.a.(4).

92.  

Increased government use of commercial product specifications in place of government-unique standards and specifications is one goal of federal acquisition reform legislation signed into law in 1994. See Title VIII, Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1993, 103rd Cong., 2nd session, S. 1587.

93.  

Cassell and Crosslin, Benefits of the Defense Standardization Program, A3-A5.

94.  

Cassell and Crosslin, Benefits of the Defense Standardization Program, A6-A10.

95.  

George Eads and Peter Reuter, Designing Safer Products: Corporate Responses to Product Liability Law and Regulation, 34-39.

96.  

Eads and Reuter, Designing Safer Products, 112-115.

97.  

For a discussion, see Cheit, Setting Safety Standards, 8-14 and 211-221.

98.  

Eads and Reuter, Designing Safer Products, 106-115.

99.  

Cheit, Setting Safety Standards, 224.

100.  

OMB, Circular No. A-119, Revised.

101.  

Interagency Committee on Standards Policy.

102.  

U.S. Department of Commerce, Third Triennial Report to OMB, p. 3.

103.  

U.S. Department of Commerce, Third Triennial Report to OMB, p. 4.

104.  

OTA, Global Standards, 46-58.

105.  

Trade Agreements Act of 1979, 96th Cong., 1st sess., H.R. 4537.

106.  

ANSI, 1993 Annual Report, 24.

107.  

Membership dues provide for meeting 43 percent of ANSI's core (non-publishing) expenses, primarily administration of U.S. consensus standards development. Net income from publications sales provides for 34 percent of these expenses; program support, 14 percent; conformity assessment services, 4 percent; and other, 5 percent. ANSI, 1993 Annual Report, 13; and Manuel Peralta, President, ANSI, personal communication, October 25, 1993.



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