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NOTICE: The project resulting in this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council (NRC), whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The members of the expert committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

The report has been reviewed by individuals other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee. This committee consists of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The Policy Division of the NRC consists of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP), the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, and the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. The STEP Board reports as a unit of the Policy Division to the NRC Governing Board. This is the body by which the NAS, NAE, and IOM govern the work of the National Research Council.

This study was supported by the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

National Research Council (U.S.). International Standards, Conformity Assessment, and U.S. Trade Policy Project Committee.

Standards, conformity assessment, and trade: into the 21st century / International Standards, Conformity Assessment, and U.S. Trade Policy Project Committee, National Research Council.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-05236-X

1. Quality control—Standards—United States. 2. Manufactures—Quality control—Standards—United States. I. Title

TS156.N366 1995

658.5'62'021873—dc20 95-1649

CIP

Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America



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