microorganisms, 10, 12

  pelagic environments, 42-43

  recent species identifications, 8-9

  regional variation, 50

  research questions, 52-53

  in rocky intertidal zones, 40-41

Biodiversity change

  alterations in physical habitat and, 31-32

  anthropogenic activities in, 24-25

  appropriate scale of research in, 35-36

  chemical pollution and eutrophication in, 1, 25, 30-31

  coastal development in, 7

  in coastal shelves, 41

  contributors to, 1

  in coral reefs, 39

  effect of scientific activities, 30

  in estuaries and bays, 37-38

  in experimental settings, 67

  fisheries operations in, 28-29

  global climate change in, 32-34

  increased diversity, 38

  mariculture effects, 30

  natural events in, 24, 25, 26-27

  negative outcomes, 1-2

  operational descriptions, 25

  regional interactions in, 17, 22

  research topics, 49-52

  retrospective analysis, 56-59

  sampling methods, 63-65

  significance of, 51, 52-53, 69

  species invasion in, 7

  species removal in, 7

  synergistic effects, 25, 26-27

  taxonomic research, 46, 48

  temporal scale considerations, 19-20

  tourism effects, 40

Biomass, marine vs. terrestrial, 15

Biomedical science, 11

Black Sea, 33

Blue marlin, 62

Boundary definition

  criteria for, 14

  habitat patch, 16-17

  persistent physical phenomenon in, 19

  in regional-scale, 17, 19

  for research scales, 20-21, 49

  technology development for, 49

  temporal features, 19-20

Brine seeps, 2

Bryozoans, 12

C

California, 26, 29, 40

California Cooperative Ocean Fisheries Investigations, 58

Capitella ''capitata," 12

Carbon cycle, 71, 73

Caribbean basin, 26, 39, 40

Caribbean star coral, 9, 12

CARICOMP, 66

Chemical pollution and eutrophication

  as biodiversity change factor, 1, 25, 30-31

  in coral reef loss, 26, 39

  in global climate change, 32-33, 34

  in seaweed declines, 27

  sources of, 30-31

Chesapeake Bay, 5, 27, 28

Chile, 40, 67

Chinese clam, 26, 33, 38

Chlorofluorocarbons, 32

Chlorophyll, marine

  effects of species invasion on local levels, 38

  sources of, 9

Coastal habitats

  anthropogenic impacts, 31-32

  commercial fishery effects, 28

  continental shelves and slopes, 41-42

  coral reefs, 38-39

  development effects, 1, 7, 25

  estuaries and bays, 37-38

  eutrophication of, 31

  exotic species invasions, 33

  mariculture effects, 30

  marine reserve research, 67

  as regional-scale systems, 19

  temperate zone rocky shores, 40-41

Coelacanth, 30

Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, 73

Communities

  in continuum of scales, 18

  in metapopulation theory, 17

Connecticut, 7

Continental shelves, 41-42

Coral reefs

  algal symbionts in, 9, 26, 39

  anthropogenic impacts, 6, 39

  biodiversity, 38-39

  commercial fishery effects, 28

  coral species diversity, 12

  core samples, 58



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