References

American Statistical Association (ASA) Committee on EMAP. 1992. Review of EMAP Statistics and Design. Report of a meeting November 4-6, 1991, San Francisco, CA. American Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA.


Barber, M. C., Ed. 1994. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Indicator Development Strategy. EPA/620/R-94/XXX. EMAP Center, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C.

Becker, R. A., W. S. Cleveland, and A. R. Wilks. 1987. Dynamic graphics for data analysis. Statistical Science 2(4):355-395. See also five ''Comment" articles plus rejoinder in the same issue.


C. L. Campbell, J. Bay, C. D. Franks, A. S. Hellkamp, G. R. Hess, M. J. Munster, D. A. Neher, G. L. Olson, S. L. Peck, J. O. Rawlings, B. Schumacher, and M. B. Tooley. 1993. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem Pilot Field Program - 1993. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C.

C. L. Campbell, J. M. Bay, A. S. Hellkamp, G. R. Hess, M. J. Munster, K. E. Nauman, D. A. Neher, G. L. Olson, S. L. Peck, B. A. Schumacher, K. Sidik, M. B. Tooley, and D. W. Turner. 1994. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem Pilot Field Program Report 1992. U.S.



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--> References American Statistical Association (ASA) Committee on EMAP. 1992. Review of EMAP Statistics and Design. Report of a meeting November 4-6, 1991, San Francisco, CA. American Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA. Barber, M. C., Ed. 1994. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Indicator Development Strategy. EPA/620/R-94/XXX. EMAP Center, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Becker, R. A., W. S. Cleveland, and A. R. Wilks. 1987. Dynamic graphics for data analysis. Statistical Science 2(4):355-395. See also five ''Comment" articles plus rejoinder in the same issue. C. L. Campbell, J. Bay, C. D. Franks, A. S. Hellkamp, G. R. Hess, M. J. Munster, D. A. Neher, G. L. Olson, S. L. Peck, J. O. Rawlings, B. Schumacher, and M. B. Tooley. 1993. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem Pilot Field Program - 1993. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. C. L. Campbell, J. M. Bay, A. S. Hellkamp, G. R. Hess, M. J. Munster, K. E. Nauman, D. A. Neher, G. L. Olson, S. L. Peck, B. A. Schumacher, K. Sidik, M. B. Tooley, and D. W. Turner. 1994. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem Pilot Field Program Report 1992. U.S.

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--> Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. Cleveland, W. S., and M. E. McGill. 1988. Dynamic Graphics for Statistics. Wadsworth and Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California. EPA. 1991. An Overview of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. EMAP Monitor, January 1991. EPA-600/M-90/022. U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. EPA. 1992a. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Great Lakes Monitoring and Research Strategy. Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development. U.S. EPA, Duluth, MN. EPA. 1992b. Final Peer Review Panel Report of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program - Great Lakes Monitoring and Research Strategy. Office of Environmental Processes and Effects Research, U.S. EPA, Washington, D.C. EPA. 1992c. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Great Lakes Monitoring and Research Strategy Response to Peer Review Panel Report. Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development. U.S. EPA, Duluth, MN. EPA. 1993. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Guide, EPA/600/XX-93/XXX. U.S. EPA, Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC. EPA. 1994a. Landscape Monitoring and Assessment Research Plan, EPA 620/R-94-009. U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. EPA. 1994b. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program for the Great Lakes. FY92 Status Report. Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development. U.S. EPA, Duluth, MN. EPA Science Advisory Board. 1988. Future Risk: Research Strategies of the 1990s. SAB-EC-88-040. Science Advisory Board, U.S. EPA, Washington, D.C.

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--> Foley, G. J. 1994. Letter and attachment on EMAP response to NRC Forests and Estuaries report (see NRC, 1994a). Fore, L., J. Karr, and L. Conquest. 1994. Statistical properties of an index of biological integrity used to evaluate water resources. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51:1077-1087. Heck, W. W., C. L. Campbell, R. P. Breckenridge, G. E. Byers, C. M. Hayes, G. R. Hess, V. M Lesser, J. R. Meyer, T. J. Moser, D. A. Neher, G. L. Olson, S. L. Peck, J. O. Rawlings, and C. N. Smith. 1991a. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem Research Plan. Peer Review Draft. February 1, 1991. (The document contains no publication information.) Heck, W. W., C. L. Campbell, R. P. Breckenridge, G. E. Byers, A. L. Finkner, G. R. Hess, J. R. Meyer, T. J. Moser, S. L. Peck, J. O. Rawlings, and C. N. Smith. 1991b. Agroecosystem Monitoring and Research Strategy. EPA 600/4-91/013. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Las Vegas, Nevada. Heck, W. W., C. L. Campbell, A. L. Finkner, C. M. Hayes, G. R. Hess, J. R. Meyer, M. J. Munster, D. A. Neher, S. L. Peck, J. O. Rawlings, C. N. Smith, and M. B. Tooley. 1992. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Agroecosystem 1992 Pilot Project Plan. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. Houghton, R. A., J. E. Hobbie, J. M. Melillo, B. Moore, G. J. Peterson, G. R. Shaver, and G. M. Woodwell. 1983. Changes in the carbon content of terrestrial biota and soil between 1860 and 1980: a net release of CO2 to the atmosphere. Ecological Monographs 53:235-262. Hunsaker, C. T., and D. E. Carpenter. Eds. 1990. Ecological Indicators for the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. EPA 600390060. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, N.C.

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--> Karr, J. R. 1992. Measuring biological integrity: lessons from streams. Pp. 83-104 in Ecological Integrity and the Management of Ecosystems, S. Woodley, J. Kay, and G. Francis eds. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Fla. Larsen, H. P., N. S. Urquhart, and D. L. Kugler. 1993. Regional scale monitoring of indicators of trophic condition of lakes. Water Research. Lesser, V. M., and W. S. Overton. 1994. EMAP Status Estimation: Statistical Procedures and Algorithms. EPA 620/R-94-008. McDonnell, M. J., and S. T. A. Pickett, eds. 1993. Humans as Components of Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York. 364 p. Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development and National biological Survey. September 30, 1994. Messer, J. J., R. A. Linthurst, and W. S. Overton. 1991. An EPA Program for Monitoring Ecological Status and Trends. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 17:67-78. NRC. 1992. Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Interim Report. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC. 1993a. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC. 1993b. Issues in Risk Assessment. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC. 1994a. Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program: Forests and Estuaries. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. NRC. 1994b. Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program: Surface Waters. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. Oliver, C. D., and B. C. Larson. 1990. Forest Stand Dynamics. New York: McGraw Hill. Olsen, A. R. Ed. 1992. The Indicator Development Strategy for the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. EPA

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--> 1992. EMAP-Estuaries Virginian Province 1990 Demonstration Project Report. EPA 600/R-92/100. Environmental Research Laboratory, U.S. EPA, Narragansett, Rhode Island. Zimmerman, G. M., H. Goetz, and P. W. Mielke, Jr. 1985. Use of an improved statistical method for group comparisons to study effects of prairie fire. Ecology 66:606-611.