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Field-to-Field Differences in Employment Sector

The tendency to work in industry or for other types of employers varies by field. In 1990, for example, more than three-quarters of computer scientists worked in the private sector, compared with less than a third of life scientists (Table C-9).

TABLE C-9 Type of Employer of New Recipients of Master's Degrees, by Field of Science and Engineering, 1990a

Employer

Physical Sciencs

Mathematics/ Statistics

Computer Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Life Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

ALL

2,400

3,800

10,100

2,000

6,100

7,500

2,400

17,300

Educational institutions

800

1,600

800

200

2,300

2,400

700

600

 

33.3%

42.1%

7.9%

10.0%

37.7%

32.0%

29.2%

3.5%

Four-Year college/university

300

400

500

200

1,200

1,200

300

500

 

12.5%

10.5%

5.0%

10.0%

19.7%

16.0%

12.5%

2.9%

Other educational institution

400

1,100

300

100

1,100

1,200

400

100

 

16.7%

28.9%

3.0%

5.0%

18.0%

16.0%

16.7%

0.6%

Business and industry

1,200

1,700

7,800

1,200

1,900

2,700

900

13,200

 

50.0%

44.7%

77.2%

60.0%

31.1%

36.0%

37.5%

76.3%

Nonprofit organization

100

100

100

b

100

300

100

100

 

4.2%

2.6

1.0%

 

1.6%

4.0%

4.2%

0.6%

Federal government

100

200

400

200

600

700

100

1,400

 

4.2%

5.3%

4.0%

10.0%

9.8%

9.3%

4.2%

8.1%

State/local government

100

b

200

200

700

1,000

100

600

 

4.2%

 

2.0%

10.0%

11.5%

13.3%

4.2%

3.5%

Other

100

300

800

200

600

400

400

1,400

 

4.2%

7.9%

8.0%

10.0%

9.8%

5.3%

16.7%

8.1%

No report

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

a Full-time graduate students are excluded.

b Too few cases to report.

SOURCE: Calculated from Table B-36 in NSF, 1992b.



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