Page xii

LIST OF FIGURES

1-1:

Number of doctorates awarded by US institutions, by broad field, 1958-1993

14

1-2:

Trends in citizenship of recipients of doctorates from US institutions, 1983-1993

15

2-1:

Growth in employment of doctoral scientists and engineers in the United States, 1973-1991

20

2-2:

Scientists and engineers with US PhDs, by employment sector, 1973-1991

22

2-3:

Primary work activity of scientists and engineers with PhDs from US universities, 1973-1991

24

2-4:

Change in employment sector of scientists and engineers 5-8 years after receipt of US doctorates, 1977 and 1991

25

2-5:

Unemployment rates among different occupational and educational groups in the civilian noninstitutional labor force, 1985-1993

27

2-6:

Employment sectors of scientists and engineers with US PhDs, by broad field, 1991

30

3-1:

Science and engineering graduate student enrollment, by broad field, 1982-1992

48

3-2:

Median years to degree for doctorate recipients, by broad field, 1993

52

3-3:

Incidence of research assistantships and teaching assistantships among US PhDs, by broad field, 1993

56

3-4:

Types of support for academic R&D, 1966-1992

57

3-5:

Mix of federal support for academic scientists and engineers, 1966-1992

58

LIST OF TABLES

2-1:

Changes in Percentages of Scientists and Engineers Employed in Academe 5-8 Years after Receiving US PhD, by Broad Field, 1977 and 1991

32

2-2:

Changes in Percentages of Scientists and Engineers Who Are Civilian Employees of the Federal Government 5-8 Years after Receiving US PhD, by Broad Field, 1977 and 1991

35

2-3:

Changes in Percentages of Scientists and Engineers Employed in Business/Industry 5-8 Years after Receiving US PhD, by Broad Field, 1977-1991

37

3-1:

Source of Graduate-School Support for Doctorate Recipients, by Broad Field, 1993

54



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