Given these considerations, the panel recommends the following:
Dual-use opportunities of defense-driven technologies should continue to be pursued.
Existing hardware and facilities no longer needed for ICF and SDIO applications should be made available for other scientific and technological applications.
Support should be given to small-scale basic research in these areas.
Particular attention should be given to the development of advanced concepts of particle accelerators and of new, intense radiation sources, such as x-ray lasers.
Where practical, the use of large facilities by outside users to pursue the scientific and technological goals described in this section should be encouraged.