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Physical Science, Life Science, and Earth and Space Science Standards
The standards for physical science, life science, and earth and space science describe the subject matter of science using three widely accepted divisions of the domain of science. Science subject matter focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use. Tables 6.2, 6.3, and 6.4 are the standards for physical science, life science, and earth and space science, respectively.
TABLE 6.2. PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS
Properties of objects and materials
Properties and changes of properties in matter
Structure of atoms
Position and motion of objects
Motions and forces
Structure and properties of matter
Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism
Transfer of energy
Motions and forces
Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
Interactions of energy and matter
TABLE 6.3. LIFE SCIENCE STANDARDS
Characteristics of organisms
Structure and function in living systems
Life cycles of organisms
Reproduction and heredity
Molecular basis of heredity
Organisms and environments
Regulation and behavior
Populations and ecosystems
Interdependence of organisms
Diversity and adaptations of organisms
Matter, energy, and organization in living systems
Behavior of organisms
Science and Technology Standards
The science and technology standards in Table 6.5 establish connections between the natural and designed worlds and provide students with opportunities to develop decision-making abilities. They are not standards for technology education; rather, these standards emphasize abilities associated with the process of design and fundamental understandings about the enterprise of science and its various linkages with technology.
As a complement to the abilities developed in the science as inquiry standards,
Marking the culmination of a three-year, multiphase process, on April 10th, 2013, a 26-state consortium released the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school.