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LESS EMPHASIS ON
MORE EMPHASIS ON
Technical, short-term, in-service workshops
Ongoing professional development to support teachers
Policies unrelated to
Policies designed to support changes called for in the
Purchase of textbooks based on traditional topics
Purchase or adoption of curriculum aligned with the
Standards and on a conceptual approach to science teaching, including support for hands-on science materials
Standardized tests and assessments unrelated to
Standards-based program and practices
Assessments aligned with the
Administration determining what will be involved in improving science education
Teacher leadership in improvement of science education
Authority at upper levels of educational system
Authority for decisions at level of implementation
School board ignorance of science education program
School board support of improvements aligned with the
Local union contracts that ignore changes in curriculum, instruction, and assessment
Local union contracts that support improvements indicated by the
References for Further Reading
AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science). 1990. The Liberal Art of Science: Agenda for Action. Washington, DC: AAAS.
ASCD (Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development). 1992. Using Curriculum Frameworks for Systemic Reform. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
Berryman, S.E., and T.R. Bailey. 1992. The Double Helix of Education & the Economy. New York: The Institute on Education and the Economy, Teachers College, Columbia University.
Blank, R.K., and M. Dalkilic. 1992. State Policies on Science and Mathematics Education 1992. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, State Education Assessment Center.
The Business Roundtable. 1992. Essential Components of a Successful Education System: Putting Policy into Practice. New York: The Business Roundtable.
The Business Roundtable. 1989. Essential Components of a Successful Education System: The Business Roundtable Education Public Policy Agenda. New York: The Business Roundtable.
Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. 1991. In the National Interest: The Federal Government in the Reform of K-12 Math and Science Education. New York: Carnegie Corporation.