criteria for selection of, 109-110

curriculum and, 20, 22-23, 103, 110, 111, 212-214

in development of student goals, 30

diversity of learning experiences and, 20, 221-222

earth and space science, 106

grades K-4, 130-134

grades 5-8, 158-161

grades 9-12, 187-190

examples of implementation, 34-35, 39, 47-49, 64-66, 80-81, 124-125, 131-133, 136, 146-147, 150-153, 162-164, 182-183, 194-196, 202-203, 215-217

grades K-4, 110

Standard A, 121-123

Standard B, 123-127

Standard C, 127-129

Standard D, 130-134

Standard E, 135-138

Standard F, 138-141

Standard G, 141

grades 5-8, 110

Standard A, 143-148

Standard B, 149-155

Standard C, 155-158

Standard D, 158-161

Standard E, 161-166

Standard F, 166-170

Standard G, 170-171

grades 9-12, 110

Standard A, 173-176

Standard B, 176-181

Standard C, 181-187

Standard D, 187-190

Standard E, 190-193

Standard F, 193-199

Standard G, 200-202

history and nature of science, 104, 107

grades K-4, 141

grades 5-8, 170-171

grades 9-12, 200-202

implementation, 7, 103, 110-112

life science, 106

grades K-4, 127-129

grades 5-8, 155-158

grades 9-12, 181-187

local considerations, 231

personal and social perspectives of science

grades K-4, 138-141

grades 5-8, 166-170

grades 9-12, 193-199

physical science, 106

grades K-4, 123-127

grades 5-8, 149-155

grades 9-12, 176-181

presentation format, 108-109

program standards and, 209-210, 212, 213

rationale, 104

scientific inquiry, 104, 105

grades K-4, 121-123

grades 5-8, 143-148

grades 9-12, 173-176

system standards and, 230-231

technology and science, 106-107

grades K-4, 135-138

grades 5-8, 161-166

grades 9-12, 190-193

unifying concepts and processes, 104-105, 115-119

Council of State Science Supervisors, 14

Creative thinking, 46

Critical thinking, 33, 145, 175

Curriculum

assessment practice and, 87, 211

college/university preparation of science teachers, 61, 238

components of, 22, 212

content standards and, 6-7, 20, 22-23, 103, 110, 111

coordination across subjects, 214

defined, 2-3, 22

developmentally appropriate, 212-214

development of student goals and, 30

equity issues in design of, 222

flexibility, 30, 213

framework, 211

mathematics-science coordination, 214-218

patterns in program design, 212-214

program standards, 7-8

research and development process, 213

selection of units and courses of study, 211

social considerations, 231

teaching practice consistent with, 211

teaching standards for planning of, 30-31

Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics, 13

D

Diet and nutrition, 139, 140, 168, 197

Disabilities and handicaps, 37

access to learning opportunities, 20, 221

assessment of students with, 86, 222

District level

assessment activities, 89-90

changes in emphases in system standards, 240

in educational system, 227, 228

implementation of program standards, 8, 210

implementation of standards, example of, 234-237

science program planning, 51-52, 211-212

Duration of class, 37

E

Earth and space science

developing student understanding

grades K-4, 130-134

grades 5-8, 158-159

grades 9-12, 187-189

earth system, 159-160, 189

evolution of earth, 160, 189-190

fundamental concepts underlying standards for

grades K-4, 134

grades 5-8, 159-161

grades 9-12, 189-190



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