of these programs can fan the flames of fear and distrust within the community (Thomas and Quinn, 1993).

NOTE

1.  

Dr. Primm has reversed his original position of opposing needle exchange programs and has stated publicly that he now supports them (Primm, 1995).

REFERENCES

The Arizona Republic 1993 Poll on AIDS Concerns, January 21.


Ball, J.C., and A. Ross 1991 The Effectiveness of Methadone Maintenance Treatment. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Ball, J.C., W.R. Lange, C.P. Myers, and S.R. Friedman 1988 Reducing the risk of AIDS through methadone maintenance treatment. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 29:214-226.

Bannon Research 1990 Massachusetts Telephone Survey, Politics Poll "Media #6" (unpublished material), February 19.

Bates, K. 1990 AIDS: Is it genocide? Essence 21:77-116.

Belgrave, F.Z., and S.M. Randolph, eds. 1993 Psychosocial aspects of AIDS prevention among African Americans. Special issue of The Journal of Black Psychology 19(2) May.

Billingsley, A., and C. Caldwell 1991 The church, the family, and the school in the African American community. Journal of Negro Education 60:427-440.

Brettle, R. 1990 HIV and harm reduction for injection drug users. AIDS 5:125-136.

Brown, R. 1991 Political action. In Life in Black America, J. Jackson, ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Brunswick, A. 1991 Longitudinal Harlem Health Study, NIDA Research Grant R01-DA05142 (unpublished material), April.


Calsyn, D.A., A.J. Saxon, G. Freeman, and S. Whittaker 1991 Needle-use practices among intravenous drug users in an area where needle purchase is legal. AIDS 5:187-193.

Center for Substance Abuse Research 1994 Needle Exchange Programs Supported by a Majority of Marylanders. CESAR FAX 3(28): July 25 (Weekly FAX from the Center for Substance Abuse Research, University of Maryland, College Park).

Chitwood, D.D., and P.C. Morningstar 1985 Factors which differentiate cocaine users in treatment from nontreatment users. The International Journal of the Addictions 20:449-459.



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