NOTE

1.  

Sharing is a term that has been coined by the research community. More accurate terminology used by injection drug users has been described in Koester (1994); Carlson et al. (in press); Kane and Mason (1992); Murphy (1987); Page et al. (1990b). But, for the sake of consistency, we will continue to use the term in this document to refer to any of the following behaviors: borrowing, lending, renting, needle transfer, etc.

REFERENCES

American Civil Liberties Union 1994 Briefing Book: Needle Exchange, Harm Reduction, and HIV Prevention in the Second Decade, R. Harlow and R. Sorge, eds. New York, NY: ACLU AIDS Project.


Brecher, E.M. 1941 The case of the missing mosquitoes. Reader's Digest February.

Bruneau, J. 1994 Presentation at informal workshop convened by Panel on Needle Exchange and Bleach Distribution Programs, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. January 5.


Carlson, R.G. 1991 HIV Needle Risk Behavior Among IDUs in West Central Ohio: An Ethnographic Overview. Invited paper presented at the Conference on AIDS and Anthropology in the United States, Atlanta, Georgia, October 16-17.

Celentano, D.D., D. Vlahov, S. Cohn, J.C. Anthony, L. Solomon, and K.E. Nelson 1991 Risk factors for shooting gallery use and cessation among intravenous drug users. American Journal of Public Health 81(10):1291-1295.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1993 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, March 5, Vol. 42, No. 8.

Chaisson, R.E., A.R. Moss, R. Onishi, D. Osmond, and J.R. Carlson 1987 Human immunodeficiency virus infection in heterosexual intravenous drug users in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health 77(2):169-172.

Cherubin, C. 1967 The medical sequelae of narcotic addiction. Annals of Internal Medicine 67:23-33.

Chitwood, D.D., C.B. McCoy, J.A. Inciardi, D.C. McBride, M. Comerford, E. Trapido, H.V. McCoy, J.B. Page, J. Griffin, M.A. Fletcher, et al. 1990 HIV seropositivity of needles from shooting galleries in South Florida. American Journal of Public Health 80:150-152.

Compton III, W.M., L.B. Cottler, and S.H. Decker 1992 Legal needle buying in St. Louis. American Journal of Public Health 82:595-596.

Courtwright, D. 1982 Dark Paradise: Opiate Addiction in America Before 1940. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.

1992 A century of American narcotic policy. Pp. 1-61 in D.R. Gerstein and H.J. Harwood, eds., Treating Drug Problems (Volume 2). Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Des Jarlais, D.C., and S.R. Friedman 1992 AIDS and legal access to sterile drug injection equipment. Drug Abuse: Linking



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement