TABLE 7.3 GAO Review: Needle Exchange Program Outcomes Measured and Reported

Project Number by Country

Attracted Injection Drug Users Not in Treatment

Referred Injection Drug User to Drug Treatment

Referred Injection Drug User to Other Health Services

Australia

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Canada

 

 

 

2

 

Yes

Yes

Netherlands

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

Yes

 

 

Sweden

 

 

 

5

Yes

 

Yes

United Kingdom

 

 

 

6

Yes

 

 

7

Yes

Yes

Yes

8

 

 

 

United States

 

 

 

9

Yes

Yes

 

 

SOURCE: Adapted from Needle Exchange Programs: Research Suggests Promise as an AIDS Prevention Strategy (U.S. General Accounting Office, 1993:10).

with high level of statistical power that showed no difference were excluded.

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA REPORT

In September 1993, a second government report, The Public Health Impact of Needle Exchange Programs in the United States and Abroad , was published by the University of California for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This report consists of a summary volume with two supporting volumes and addresses a number of the questions that this panel was asked to address.

Procedure

The University of California report was the work of a team of 12 individuals with expertise in clinical medicine, nursing, psychology, anthropology, sociology, cost-benefit modeling, and epidemiology. None of the team



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