TABLE 7.4 University of California Report: Studies of Behavior Change With Quality Rating of Three or Greater

Outcome Measure

Beneficial Needle Exchange Program Effect

Mixed or Neutral Needle Exchange Program Effect

Adverse Needle Exchange Program Effect

Drug risk sharing frequency

Amsterdama,b (Hartgers et al., 1989); London/SW Englanda (Dolan et al., 1991) (Donoghoe et al., 1991); New South Wales (Schwartzkoff, 1989); New York City (Paone et al., 1993); Portlanda (Oliver et al., 1991) (Oliver et al., 1992) (Des Jarlais and Maynard, 1992); San Franciscoa (Watters and Cheng, 1991) (Guydish et al., 1989) (Feldman et al., 1989); Tacoma (Hagan et al., 1991b) (Hagan et al., 1992a); Tacoma (Hagan et al., 1993); Walesa (Stimson et al., 1991)

Amsterdama (Hartgers et al., 1992) Amsterdama (van Ameijden et al., 1993) England/Scotlanda (Donoghoe et al., 1989) (Stimson et al., 1988) (Stimson et al., 1989) Manchestera (Klee et al., 1991)

 

Giving away used needles

London/SW Englanda (Dolan et al., 1991) (Donoghoe et al., 1991); Tacoma (Hagan et al., 1991b) (Hagan et al., 1992a); Tacoma (Hagan et al., 1993)

Amsterdam (van Ameijden et al., 1993)

Manchestera (Klee et al., 1991)

Needle cleaning

New South Wales (Schwartzkoff, 1989); Portlanda (Oliver et al., 1991) (Oliver et al., 1992) (Des Jarlais and Maynard, 1992); Tacoma (Hagan et al., 1993)

Amsterdam (Hartgers et al., 1992)

 



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