AIDS, Sexual Behavior, and Intravenous Drug Use, 57, 58

Alaska, laws, 75, 147

Alcohol and alcohol wipes, 8, 82, 170, 174, 176, 219, 254

American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism & Additions (aaPaa), 128, 307-308

American College of Addiction Treatment Administrators (ACATA), 128 , 308

American Medical Association (AMA), 127, 128, 308

American Pharmaceutical Association, 124, 125

American Psychiatric Association (APA), 127, 128, 309

American Public Health Association (APHA), 127, 128, 130, 309

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), 127, 128, 309-310

Ammonium compounds, 170-171

Amphetamine, 67

Amsterdam, Netherlands, exchange programs, 215, 226, 265

Anal intercourse, 28, 42, 218

Ann Arbor, Michigan, 69n

Anslinger, Harry Jacob, 144

Anti-Drug Paraphernalia Act, 145

Arizona, public opinion, 115

Arrest, 67, 122-123, 216

perceived risk of, 149, 150, 151

Asbury Park, New Jersey, HIV prevalence, 38

Asian Americans, exchange program participation, 83, 84

Assertiveness training, 82

Assistant Secretary for Health, 7, 45-46, 69, 158, 224

Association for Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment, 120

Association of Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA), 310

Atlanta, Georgia, injection drug use estimates, 59

Attitudes, 276

Attrition, 201, 233, 275

Australia

exchange program, 2

needle disposal, 6, 157-158

B

Backloading, 26, 27, 187

Bacteria and bacterial infections, 27, 149, 170, 171, 172, 190

Baltimore, Maryland, 151

disinfection habits, 178, 187-188

exchange programs, 74, 226, 265

injection drug use studies, 59, 66, 187

laws, 265

prostitution study, 41

public opinion, 107, 116, 136

Bangkok, Thailand, HIV prevalence, 10, 39

Behavior change models, 86, 87

Berkeley, California, exchange programs, 86

Binge episodes, 57-58

Bisexual men, 32, 40, 218

sexual partners of, 28, 40-41

Black Election Study, 119-120

Black population, see African Americans

Bleach and bleaching methods, 168, 169-172, 190, 220, 302, 303

CDC recommendations, 5, 13-14, 174-175, 188-189, 190, 191

effectiveness, 2, 82, 172-175, 186-189, 190-191, 270

Bleach distribution programs, 2, 4-5, 8, 74, 75, 82, 95-99, 175-189 , 263, 267, 276

Chicago, 177-178, 180-186, 192n

education and outreach services, 5, 13, 97-99, 176, 177-181, 185-186 , 192, 270

evaluation of, 4-5, 218, 270

limitations on effectiveness, 5, 65, 186-187

participant characteristics, 96, 179



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