TABLE 1.1 Newly Reported AIDS Cases by Select Metropolitan Areas, 1993

Metropolitan Area of Residence

Number

Percent of Total Cases

Local Annual Rate per 100,000 Population

Central United States

 

 

 

Chicago, Illinois

2,497

2.3

32.7

Cincinnati, Ohio

273

0.3

17.3

Cleveland, Ohio

454

0.4

20.4

Dayton, Ohio

153

0.1

15.9

Denver, Colorado

1,111

1.0

62.8

Detroit, Michigan

1,272

1.2

29.5

Indianapolis, Indiana

499

0.5

34.5

Kansas City, Missouri

771

0.7

47.2

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

369

0.3

25.3

Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota

576

0.5

21.7

Saint Louis, Missouri

886

0.8

35.0

Salt Lake City, Utah

237

0.2

20.5

SUBTOTAL

 

8.3

 

Northeastern United States

 

 

 

Baltimore, Maryland

1,780

1.7

72.7

Boston, Massachusetts

2,426

2.3

42.6

Hartford, Connecticut

632

0.6

56.4

Jersey City, New Jersey

735

0.7

132.0

Nassau-Suffolk, New York

992

0.9

37.3

New Haven, Connecticut

974

0.9

59.8

New York, New York

14,716

13.8

171.8

Newark, New Jersey

2,109

2.0

109.3

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2,656

2.5

53.6

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

293

0.3

12.2

Providence, Rhode Island

325

0.3

35.6

Washington, District of Columbia

2,788

2.6

63.0

SUBTOTAL

 

28.6

 

San Juan, Puerto Rico); (2) young and minority men who have sex with men; and (3) heterosexual women who use crack. Of these three subepidemics, two are directly linked with drug use, which underscores its catalytic role in the transmission of HIV infection.

Another noteworthy trend depicted in Figure 1.2 is the substantial increase in the proportion of new AIDs cases attributed to heterosexual transmission (from 1 percent in 1984 to 9 percent in 1993). The proportion of reported heterosexually acquired AIDS cases in women increased from 28 to 37 percent between 1987 and 1991, compared with an increase of 1.1 to 2.7 percent among men during the same years (Neal et al., 1993). Between 1991 and 1992, the annual reported AIDS cases among women increased



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