TABLE 2.1 Needle Use: Ever Used and Past Year Use by Age, Sex, and Race, 1992 and 1991 NHSDA Dataa

 

1991

1992

Age

 

 

Ever used

 

 

12-17

152

69

18-25

643

635

26-34

1,223

1,079

35+

1,760

1,201

Used past year

 

 

12-17

84

42

18-25

232

250

26-34

228

169

35+

539

199

Sex

 

 

Ever used

 

 

Male

2,636

2,034

Female

1,233

950

Used past year

 

 

Male

738

454

Female

345

205

Race

 

 

Ever used

 

 

White

2,729

2,346

Black

559

395

Hispanic

384

160

Used past year

 

 

White

815

504

Black

154

88

Hispanic

94

59

a In thousands.

SOURCE: Unpublished data from National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (1991, 1992).

(Needle use is defined as the injection of cocaine, opiates, or psychotherapeutics for nonmedical reasons at least once in the previous 12 months.) This difference is too small to change prevalence estimates noticeably, but it would result in a one-third increase in the population estimates often used by providers for estimating the number of people in need of treatment and, for that matter, HIV prevention services.

One noteworthy point is that most of the injection drug users were found in the household population (about two-thirds). It is of course the case that some unknown portion of injection drug users either denied such



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