Original Data Sources:

The Chicago Recovery Alliance

1992 Individuals Concerned with Addiction, Recovery, and HIV Disease. Risk Reduction Outreach with Syringe Exchange: Guidelines and Operating Procedures. June 24.

Clark, G., D. Garcia, J. Guydish, and P. Case

1991 Street-Based Survey of Needle Exchange Clients. Abstract WC 3295 in Final Program and Abstracts of the VII International Conference on AIDS, Florence, Italy.

Demographics Among 700 Drug Injectors. Unpublished material. Department of Health, State of Hawaii

1992 Needle Exchange Evaluation Report. January 1.

Guilfoile, A., D. Lenaway, and V. Harris

1991 Boulder County Health Department Needle Exchange Program. Unpublished material. October 15.

Hagan, H., D.C. Des Jarlais, S.R. Friedman, D. Purchase, and T.R. Reid

1992 Multiple Outcome Measures of the Impact of the Tacoma Syringe Exchange. Abstract 4283 in Final Program and Abstracts of the VIII International Conference on AIDS, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Harris, N.V., M.J. Fields, D.C. Gordon, et al.

1991 HIV and Related Risk Behaviors Among Inmates and Needle Exchange and Drug Treatment Clients. Abstract WC 3362 in Final Program and Abstracts of the VII International Conference on AIDS, Florence, Italy.

Joseph, S.C.

1989 A bridge to treatment: The needle exchange pilot program in New York City. AIDS Education and Prevention 1:340-345.

O'Keefe, E., E. Kaplan, and K. Khoshnood

1991 City of New Haven. Preliminary Report: City of New Haven Needle Exchange Program. July 31.

Oliver, K., S.R. Friedman, H. Maynard, and D.C. Des Jarlais

1991 Behavioral Impact of the Portland Syringe Exchange Program: Some Preliminary Results. Presentation in Third National AIDS Demonstration Research Conference.

SOURCE: Adapted from The Public Health Impact of Needle Exchange Programs in the United States and Abroad, Volume 1 (Lurie et al., 1993a:274).

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