TABLE 3.3 Organizational Characteristics of Needle Exchange Programs

Comparative Study

Characteristics

Components

Stimson et al. (1988)

User-friendliness

—Nonjudgmental staff attitude;

—Convenient location;

—Convenient hours of operation;

—Willingness to exchange large numbers of syringes at one time

Lurie et al. (1993a)

Legal status

—Legal;

—Illegal—tolerated;

—Illegal—underground

 

Administrative body

—Activist run;

—Community-based organization run;

—Community-based organization with government support;

—Government run

 

Funding source

—Private donations;

—Foundation grants;

—Community-based organization;

—City, county, and/or state government

 

Sites

—Fixed sites;

—Stationary van;

—Streetfront;

—Street;

—Health facility;

—Mobile sites;

—Walk route;

—Deliveries;

—Roving van

 

Staff

—Paid;

—Volunteers;

—Both paid and volunteers

 

On-site services

—Educational material;

—HIV testing and counseling;

—Primary medical care;

—Tuberculosis screening;

—Sexually transmitted diseases screening;

—Drug treatment;

—Referrals to above services;

—Referrals to social services

 

On-site items provided

—Needles/syringes;

—Bleach;

—Alcohol wipes;

—Cotton;

—Cookers;

—Water;

—Condoms;

—Lubricant



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