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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please INDEX 271 Supreme Court cases Uma inornata, 79 habitat modification and taking, 2, 20, 74n Umbrella species, 171 snail darter ruling, 21 Uncertainty Survival habitat, 8, 76-77, 91, 91-92 and decision analysis, 12-15, 157, 158, 159-167, 175 Survival probability, 10, 81, 91, 92 in demographic analysis, 82, 104 Swallow-tail kite, 29 in ESA decision making, 159-161, 165-167, 179 Systematics and systematicists, 6, 51-52, 55, 57, 66-67 in genetic diversity, 104, 184 and biological species concept, 50, 53-54 in valuation of rarity, 186-190 genetic analysis methods, 60, 61 Unclassified organisms, 71-72 information needs, 71-72, 183 Ursus horribilis, 64 plants, 50-51, 53-54, 72 V unclassified organisms, 71-72 Valley elderberry longhorn, 48 T Valuation of rarity, 186-190 Tagging and marking, 59 Vermivora chrysoptera, 66 Taking, 1, 2, 19, 20, 75, 78, 149, 195 Vermivora pinus, 66 habitat modification construed as, 2, 20, 74 Vertebrates, 47, 71, 126 see also Birds; incidental, 20, 75, 78, 79n, 80 of marine mammals, 19 Fish; Mammals; of plants, 2n, 20, 49, 75 of threatened species, 20, 78 Reptiles; see also Harvest; and specific species distinct population segments, 1, 5, 19, 46, 47-48, 55, 65n Hunting Tapirs, 28 early human impacts on, 27, 28-29, 30 introduced species, 38 Taxonomic extinction, 24 Tellico Dam, 21 island extinctions, 30-31 Temperature, 26, 38, 95 species definitions, 47-48, 55 Vireo antricapillus, 79 Terminology, see Definitions and terminology; Species definitions Virginia big-eared bat, 195 Thelypteris pilosa, 50 W Threatened species defined in ESA, 1, 19, 149 Water projects, 113-116 taking of, 20, 78 Water supply, 29, 30, 39, 199 upgrading from endangered, 13, 21, 81, 150, 197 Western red-shafted flicker, 65 Tigers, 170 Whales, 35, 150, 155 Timber harvest, 5, 114 White-tailed deer, 112 and northern spotted owl, 21, 199 Whooping crane, 29, 34, 189, 194 Time and temporal variation, 95, 96-97, 153 Windstorms, 96, 100 in extinction models, 12, 126n, 129, 132, 142 Winter-run chinook salmon, 48, 58, 113-116 use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. long-term impact evaluation, 10, 13, 39-40, 76, 91, 152-153, 174-175, 181 Y short-term survival, 13, 77, 91, 153 Yeasts, 7, 50, 67 in speciation, 52, 59 Yellowstone National Park, 102 species isolation in, 54, 59 Time-series data, 82, 86, 194 Z Topography, 95, 96 Zalophus californianus, 117 Trade and trading, 19, 29, 73 Zebra mussel, 37 Tropical areas, 26, 71 Zoological species concepts, 47-48, 53 Trumpeter swan, 29 Zoos, 140, 170 Turkeys, 34, 39U U

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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please OTHER RECENT REPORTS OF THE BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND TOXICOLOGY 272 OTHER RECENT REPORTS OF THE BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND TOXICOLOGY Wetlands: Characteristics and Boundaries (1995) Biologic Markers in Urinary Toxicology (1995) Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (three reports, 1994-1995) Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment (1994) Ranking Hazardous Sites for Remedial Action (1994) Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children (1993) Issues in Risk Assessment (1993) Setting Priorities for Land Conservation (1993) Protecting Visibility in National Parks and Wilderness Areas (1993) Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology (1992) Dolphins and the Tuna Industry (1992) Environmental Neurotoxicology (1992) Hazardous Materials on the Public Lands (1992) Science and the National Parks (1992) Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards (1991) Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program, Volumes I-IV (1991-1993) Human Exposure Assessment for Airborne Pollutants (1991) Monitoring Human Tissues for Toxic Substances (1991) Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution (1991) Decline of the Sea Turtles (1990) Tracking Toxic Substances at Industrial Facilities (1990) Biologic Markers in Pulmonary Toxicology (1989) Biologic Markers in Reproductive Toxicology (1989) Copies of these reports may be ordered from the National Academy Press (800) 624-6242 (202) 334-3313 use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.