Arthropods

chemical defenses, 30-34

chemical eavesdropping strategies in predation, 52-54, 63

chemical predatory strategies, 62-63

chemical signaling in predation, 51-52

predatory mimicry by spiders, 59, 63

as source of frog/toad toxins, 24-26

spider venoms, 34-36

See also Lobster

Atelopus toads, 18

Azabicyclononane, 33

Azamacrolides, 33, 38

Azaphenalene, 33

B

Batrachotoxins

actions of, 23

in amphibians, 22-23, 26, 191

in birds, 23

Beet armyworm, 55-57

Benzoyl cyanide, 30

Bioinformatics, 192

Birds, 122

chemical defenses in, 4

poisonous substance production, 17

Bolas spider, 59-61

Bombesin, amphibian skin, 18

Bombyx mori, 105

Brachycephalus toads, 18

Bradykinin, amphibian skin, 18

Bufadienolides, 18, 22, 31

Bufo toads, 18

6-(1E)-Butenyl, 92

Butylbenzene, 99

C

Caerulein, amphibian skin, 18

Calcineurin, 137, 138, 139-140, 143, 187

Camouflage, in chemical signaling, 148

cAMP, 110

Campoletis sonorensis

evolution, 78-80

expression patterns, 80

induced developmental arrest of host larva, 68-69

polydnavirus expression in host, 70-78

polydnavirus gene families, 79-80

polydnavirus protection for, as endoparasite, 67-68, 81

polydnavirus structure, 69-70, 82

protection from host recognition, 67-68, 81-82

Cannibalism, 128-129

Cantharidin, 129

Caprylic acid, 30

Carbon metabolism

biosynthesis of C11 hydrocarbons in plants, 92-98

in plant defense, 8-9

Cassava, 58

Caudoxirene, 91

Cell death, 187

Ceratopogonid flies, 54

Chemical signaling

agricultural application, 62

algal pheromones, 87-92

in ant social organization, 41

ant trail pheromones, 42-44

arthropod predation, 51-52, 62-63

camouflage, 147, 148

dispersal patterns, 148

evolutionary development of olfaction, 162-164

immunophilin / immunosuppression complexes, 136-140

lobster urine, 154-158

in marine environment, 148-150

modulatory communication in ants, 45-47, 49

molecular interaction, 142-143

multicomponent systems in ants, 43, 46-47, 48-49

multidisciplinary research, 142, 143

nestmate recognition in ants, 47-48

plant, to summon herbivore predator, 54-58, 63

predatory mimicry, 59-61



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