. "Appendix D: Environmental Health Resources: Agencies, Organizations, Services, General References, and Tables of Environmental Health Hazards."
Nursing, Health, and the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1995.
Please select a format:
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Nursing Health, & Environment: Strengthening the Relationship to Improve the Public's Health
TABLE D-1: Environmental Agents, Their Sources and Potential Exposures, and Adverse Health Effects: Metals and Metallic Compounds, Hydrocarbons, Irritant Gases, Chemical Asphyxiates, and Pesticides
Route of Entry
Metals and Metallic Compounds
Alloyed with lead and copper for hardness; manufacturing of pigments, glass, pharmaceuticals; byproduct in copper smelting; insecticides; fungicides; rodenticides; tanning
Inhalation and ingestion of dust and fumes
Neuromuscular Gastrointestinal Skin
Accidental byproduct of reaction of arsenic with acid; used in semi-conductor industry
Inhalation of gas
Hardening agent in metal alloys; special use in nuclear energy production; metal refining or recovery
Inhalation of fumes or dust
Pulmonary (and other systems)
Electroplating; solder for aluminum; metal alloys, process engraving; nickel-cadmium batteries
Inhalation or ingestion of fumes or dust
In stainless and heat-resistant steel and alloy steel; metal plating; chemical and pigment manufacturing; photography
Percutaneous absorption, inhalation, ingestion