Such instruction may be done in basic RN education,2 in advanced-degree programs, and through continuing education.

  1. Facilitate interaction with other disciplines both within and external to the practice setting through clearly stated job expectations with the appropriate allocation of time and resources.

  2. Participate as interdisciplinary team members in community and public health assessments

Educator Role: Risk Communication

Recommendation 3.4: Communication should extend beyond counseling individual patients and families to facilitating the exchange of information on environmental hazards and community responses.

Rationale: Nurses can build on existing interviewing and active-listening skills to provide an essential linkage among environmental scientists; medical and environmental epidemiologists; and individuals, neighborhoods, or community groups in communicating about risks and hazards.

Strategies for Achieving Recommendation 3.4:

  1. Provide educational content and student experiences with communities concerned about environmental exposures or potential disease clusters.

  2. Involve nurses in planning for and as facilitators of meetings with community groups concerning environmental issues and public involvement with agency decision-making.

  3. Develop additional knowledge and expertise in communicating appropriately with identified audiences and in developing the group facilitation skills required for advocacy practice (see Appendix F).

Advocacy Roles

Recommendation 3.5: The concept of advocacy in nursing should be expanded to include advocacy on behalf of groups and communities, in addition to advocacy on behalf of individual patients and their families.


Including associate degree, diploma, baccalaureate education and those programs whose basic nursing education is obtained at the master's level.

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