Israel. From 1980 through 1991, she served as Director of MDA Blood Services. Since retiring in 1991, she continues her work as an ARMDI Fellow, pursuing medical and scientific activities in the field of viral hepatitis.

David Blumenthal, M.D., M.P.P., is Chief, Health Policy Research and Development Unit, and Associate Physician at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. He is also an Associate Professor of Medicine and Associate Professor of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School. From 1987 to 1991, he was Senior Vice President at Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital, a 720-bed Harvard teaching hospital. From 1981 to 1987, he was Executive Director of the Center for Health Policy and Management and Lecturer on Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. During the late 1970s, Dr. Blumenthal was a professional staff member on Senator Edward Kennedy's Senate Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research. He is a member of several editorial boards, including The New England Journal of Medicine, Inquiry, Quality Management in Health Care, the American Journal of Medicine, and the Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. He serves on advisory committees to the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment, and several foundations. His research interests include quality management in health care, the determinants of physician behavior, access to health services, and the extent and consequences of academic-industrial relationships in the health sciences.

Allan M. Brandt, Ph.D., is the Amalie Moses Kass Professor of the History of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He holds a joint appointment in the Department of the History of Science at Harvard University. Dr. Brandt earned his undergraduate degree at Brandeis University and a Ph.D. in American History from Columbia University in 1983. His work focuses on social and ethical aspects of health, disease, and medical practices in the twentieth century United States. Brandt is the author of No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States since 1880. He has written on the social history of epidemic disease, the history of public health, and the history of human subject research, among other topics. He is currently writing a book on the social and cultural history of cigarette smoking in the United States.

Barbara A. DeBuono, M.D., M.P.H., began her affiliation with the Rhode Island Department of Health as a medical epidemiologist in July 1986. In October 1986, she was promoted to the position of State Epidemiologist and Medical Director for the office of Disease Control where she administered the divisions of AIDS/Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chronic Diseases, Epidemiology/Communicable Diseases, Vital Records and Health Promotion.

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