mergers. Presently, members of the American Association of Blood Banks account for almost all blood collected in the United States. The number of AABB institutional members who collect blood has increased and those that transfuse blood has decreased. Because this could reflect the changing membership of the AABB, it is not proper to extrapolate these observations to changes in the blood collection or transfusion community. Membership in the Council of Community Blood Centers has increased substantially during the past decade.

It is not possible to provide accurate estimates of the amount of plasma or derivatives produced because this is proprietary information. There has been an increase in the kinds of plasma derivative products during the past decade. There has also been an increase in the number of plasma derivative manufacturers during the past decade. Although several companies that produced plasma derivatives in the early 1980s no longer do so, other companies have begun the production of plasma derivatives.

REFERENCES

American Blood Resources Association. Materials submitted to the Institute of Medicine; 1994.

Anderson, K. The Economics of Importing vs Collecting. In Adequacy of the Blood Supply, Council of Community Blood Centers conference proceedings; Clearwater, Florida. February 18, 1990.


Blakestone, M.S. Fractionation. Plasmapheresis, vol. 5, 1994.


Centers for Disease Control. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , July 3, 1981.

Centers for Disease Control. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , July 16, 1982.

Centers for Disease Control. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , March 20, 1987.

Centers for Disease Control. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , December 18, 1987.

Centers for Disease Control. HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Awareness of Testing and Treatment—Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 40:704, 1991.

CDC, HRSA, and MCHB. Minimal Data Set for Risk Reduction; 1991, 1992, 1993.

Chorba, et al. Changes in Longevity and Causes of Death among Persons with Hemophilia A. American Journal of Hematology, vol. 45, 1994.


Food and Drug Administration. Policy and Guidance Handbook for Advisory Committees, 1994.

Food and Drug Administration. Regulatory Procedures Manual, May 16, 1988.

Fratantoni, J., Food and Drug Administration, Division of Hematology. Presentation to Committee, May 16, 1994.


Gallup Organization. Attitudes of U.S. Adults Towards AIDS and the Safety of America's Blood Supply. Princeton, New Jersey, 1991.


Hagen, Piet J. Blood: Gift or Merchandise? New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc., 1982.



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