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investigation of the differences in expression and specificity of behavioral and cognitive deficits in FAS and ARND;

research to identify potential structural or functional brain abnormalities and other neurobiological indices that may be associated with, or distinguish, FAS, ARBD, or ARND, and to relate these abnormalities and indices to cognitive and behavioral correlates;

further clinical research, as well as research using animal models, to examine the adverse developmental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, and to develop more specific biologic markers for diagnosis (e.g., biomarkers to confirm maternal alcohol exposure, endocrine signals, imaging techniques); and

consideration of the potential role of fetal alcohol exposure, as appropriate, in developmental disability studies in general.


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