Integrated optics/photonics devices and systems are truly representative of large-scale structures. The associated simulations require a corresponding large amount of high-performance computing (HPC) efforts. The need for more accurate simulators will increase as the integrated optics/photonics devices and systems complexity increases. Examples from our efforts in this area, which have civilian and military relevance, have been given to illustrate what classes of simulators have been developed to model these structures. Future efforts in this area will require even more complete materials models appropriately integrated into the Maxwell equations solvers and the associated advanced HPC methods.
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