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Biographies of Committee Members Henry Kressel (Chairman) is currently a managing director of Warburg, Pincus & Co. Dr. Kresse} has occupied various positions at the RCA Laboratories including Vice President for Research and Development, with responsibilities for power devices, integrated circuits, lasers, and other optoelectronic devices and systems. A graduate of Yeshiva College in physics, Dr. Kresse! received an M.S. degree in applied physics from Harvard University, an M.B.A. from the Wharton School, and a Ph.D. in materials sciences from the University of Pennsylvania. National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Kresse! is a member of the E1wyn R. BerIekamp is Professor of Mathematics and of Electrical Engineering/Computer Science at UC Berkeley. Dr. BerIekamp also founded and until recently served as president of Cyclotomics, now part of Eastman Kodak. At Cyclotomics Dr. BerIekamp led the development of a variety of electronic architectures and inte- grated circuits to implement advanced algorithms for encoding and decoding that are now widely used in aerospace and commer- cial applications. Dr. BerIekamp received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and is a member of the National Academy of Engi- neering. 87

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88 BIOGRAPHIES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS H. Kent Bowen is Professor of Technology and Operations Man- agement at the Harvard Business School. Previously, he was Forc! Professor of Engineering at the Massachusetts institute of Technol- ogy. As co-director of MTT's Leaders for Manufacturing Program, he guided a research and education program developing the fun- damentals for "big-M" manufacturing. His past research included studies of advanced materials and materials processing. He re- ceived his B.S. degree in ceramic engineering from the University of Utah and his Ph.D. degree from MIT. Dr. Bowen is a member of the National Acaclemy of Engineering. Ruth M. Davis is president and CEO of the Pymatuning Group, l[nc., which specializes in modernization strategies and technology development for industry. She is also chairman of the Aerospace Corporation. Previously, she was Assistant Secretary of Energy for Resource Applications, and Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Advanced Technology. Dr. Davis received her B.A. from American University, and her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Maryland, all in mathematics. Dr. Davis is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Joseph F. Engelberger is founder and formerly president of Unimation Tnc. Dr. Engelberger is widely recognized as the "Fa- ther of Robotics," and has been a driving influence in the creation of the industrial robotics industry. Currently Dr. Engelberger is the Chairman of Transitions Research Corporation, which aims to improve the spectrum of sensory perception of robots to enable mobile, sensate robots for the service sector. He received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Columbia University, and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Gerald D. Laubach is formerly president of Pfizer, Inc., and has served as chair of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association. Dr. Laubach is a research chemist by training, and started as a laboratory scientist at Pfizer. He received a B.A. from the Univer- sity of Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Laubach is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medi- cine and chaired the [OM Committee on Technological innovation in Medicine.

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BIOGRAPHIES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS 89 Robert A. Pritzker is president and CEO of The Marmon Group, Tnc. Mr. Pritzker is also a director of Hyatt Corporation. Mr. Pritzker's entire professional life has been in industrial manage- ment, and he holds executive positions in the Marmon Group's more than 60 autonomous companies worldwide. He received a B.S. degree in industrial engineering from the Illinois institute of Technology, and lectures at several schools on business manage- ment. Mr. Pritzker is a member of the National Academy of Engi- neering. Roland W. Schmitt is president emeritus of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and president from 1988 to 1993. Before becoming presi- dent of Rensselaer, he served as senior vice president of science and technology for GE and as a member of GE's Corporate Execu- tive Council. He is also a member and former chairman of the National Science Boarcl, the policy group for the National Science Foundation. Dr. Schmitt received his undergraduate and Master's degrees in mathematics and physics from the University of Texas, and his Ph.D. in physics from Rice University. Dr. Schmitt is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. George L. Turin has been chairman of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at UC Berkeley, and Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences at UCLA. He retired as vice president of technol- ogy at Teknekron Corporation, a consortium of high-technology companies of which he is a co-founder. Dr. Turin received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering, all from the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Turin is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.